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Home Rule — County Government
Home Rule — Municipal Government

Benjamin Franklin. Join or Die. Pennsylvania Gazette (Philadelphia), May 9, 1754 Newspaper Serial and Government Publications Division, Library of Congress.
Ben Shahn (1898-1969) Our Friend. New York: National Citizens Political Action Committee, 1944. Lithographic poster. Prints & Photographs Division (62.5). Library of Congress.
African-American students arriving at Central High School, Little Rock, Arkansas, in U.S. Army car, 1957.

Federalism (links to Wikipedia, unless noted)

Before Federalism


State and Town


  • Barron, David J., Gerald E. Frug and Rick T. Su. Dispelling the Myth of Home Rule Local Power in Greater Boston [PDF file], Rappaport Institute for Greater Boston, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
  • Geon, Gyusuck and Geoffrey K. Turnbull, The Effect of Home Rule on Local Government Behavior: Is there no Rule Like Home Rule? [PDF file]. Working Paper No. 04-05, Urban and Regional Analysis Group, Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, Georgia State University, September 2004.
  • Land Use Law Center, Pace Law School.