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Classical Language

Drawings

  1. Make pencil line drawings that include all elements. (As you might imagine, one drawing may include many elements.)
  2. Keep and organize all your drawings, to be included in your drawing portfolio.
  3. Use study drawings to prepare for test (below) and other related assignments.

Test

  1. There will be an in-class test on this material.
  2. Hand in your drawings at the time of the test. They will be returend so you can include them in your portfolio.

References

The Illustrated Glossary of Classical Architecture is based on Ware's The American Vignola: a guide to the making of classical architecture.

Chitham, Robert. The Classical Orders of Architecture. New York: Rizzoli, second edition, 2005

Elements

Order

Form

Entablature (Wikipedia)

Cornice (Wikipedia; adn Doric order labeled)

  • crown molding (Wikipedia)
  • cymatium (Wikipedia)
  • corona, soffit (Wikipedia)
  • bed-mould (bed moulding) (Wikipedia)
  • dentil (Wikipedia)
  • mutule (glossary Wikipedia)
  • guttae (Wikipedia)
  • modillions (Wikipedia)

Frieze (Wikipedia)

Architrave (Wikipedia)

Capital (Wikipedia)

  • abacus (Wikipedia)
  • echinus (see molding; for origin as 'sea urchin' fom)
  • necking (Wikipedia)
  • bell
  • volutes
  • eye
  • baluster
  • acanthus
  • caulicolus
  • button
  • bud
  • bell
  • lip
  • fleuron

Column (Wikipedia)

  • astragal
  • shaft
  • cincture
  • entasis
  • fluting

Base

  • base mould
  • torus
  • plinth

Pedestal (Wikipedia)

  • cap: corona, bed moulding
  • base: base mould, plinth
  • stylobate
  • baluster: sleeve, belly, double (turned), half (flush)
  • rail: upper, lower
  • die

Pediments (Wikipedia)

  • curved
  • raking
  • broken
  • cornice
  • tympanium

Columns (Wikipedia)

  • coupled
  • intercolonation
  • in antis
  • superposition
  • string courses

Arches (Wikipedia; note masonry arch drawing)

  • architrave
  • arch
  • intrados
  • cymatium
  • impost
  • elliptical
  • Palladian
  • epistyle
  • voussoirs
  • archivolt
  • stilting
  • abutment
  • segmental
  • arcade
  • string-course
  • keystone
  • extrados
  • spandrel
  • plinth
  • superposition

Vault

  • barrel
  • cylindrical
  • groined
  • cloistered

Mouldings (Wikipedia)

  • ovolo: torus, 3/4 round, quirked, Venetian
  • cyma recta, quirked
  • beak
  • congé
  • cavetto: scotia, 3/4 hollow
  • cyma reversa, quirked
  • splay faces
  • cymatium
  • fillet: sunk, raised
  • bead: 3/4, reeds
  • fascia (face)