Teaching > RWU
HP 301-503 Architectural Conservation >
|Château-sur-Mer, Bellevue Avenue, Newport, Rhode Island
and their Conservation — Assignment
You will be provided a American architectural style in class for this assignment.
Sign up for styles here.
Your efforts should result in a paper (about three pages of text) plus illustrations including: "high style" structures (likely from the Web); historic references/resources (when possible/applicable); site examples based on your field work.
- Describe the architectural
- Define the "ideal" (high-style) stylistic design and elements.
specific contemporary sources (including sourcebooks) that were the basis for the design. Cite all references.
- From online resources or publications, provide at least two regional "high-style" examples, drawing in comparisions, or contrasts, as needed. Include illustrations. Identify each structure. Cite all references.
Site Examples and Analysis
- Locate examples of the style in the area to illustrate the following...
- Describe, and include the
distinction between the "ideal" style (from your research, above) and the "vernacular", site-specific variations that you find in your local examples.
- Assess the intrinsic factors (causes) that affect building performance and conservation.
- Provide photographs with identification: structure, address, view, description.
Background — Syles and Conservation
The development and evolution of architectural
'styles' in general and relative to a specific building
is dependent on the following influences, and others:
- availability of building materials,
- contemporary construction technology,
- monies available,
- influence of architectural "design", both 'vernacular' and
'high-style" (monumental, including socures), and
- spaces and structures in the context of socio-cultural and spiritual mores.
The design, construction, and selection of materials for a particular
'style' directly influences the performance of a structure as
a whole and, in turn, the diagnosis and conservation of its elements,
in part and as a complex, interdependent system. As an architectural
conservator you should be familiar with:
- The characteristics of each architectural
style and the distinction between the 'ideal' stylistic elements
(the 'high-style') and the 'as-built' variations (the 'vernacular')
of a particular style or combination of varying stylistic
- The use of structural and decorative features,
production and construction techniques, building materials
as they help determine the date(s) and evolution of a structure.
- The manner in which the characteristics of
construction techniques and architectural styles influence
the performance of a building: the materials, the individual
elements, the building systems, and its entirety.
- The uses (programs) of the structure, over
time. An assessment of the contemporary uses, their compatibility
to the building (and vice versa), and recommendations
to meet future, changing program needs.
Locating Area Examples
- Study of Architectural History
- Rapoport, Amos. House Form and Culture, Englewood
Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1969, Chapter 1: The
Nature and Definition of the Field, pp.1-3.
- McAlester, Virginia and Lee McAlester. A Field Guide
to American Houses, New York: Random House, 1984, Looking
at American house: Style — The Fashions of American
- John C. Poppeliers,
Nancy B. Schwartz, S. Allen Chambers. What Style Is It?
New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1995 (1983), Part One: Styles
of the Colonial Period, page 3.
- Whiffen, Marcus. American Architecture Since 1780,
Cambridge, MA: M.I.T. Press, (1969), Preface,
- Rossi, Aldo. The
Architecture of the City...
- Architectural Sourcebooks
- Architectural Styles
Books (Amazon links)
- Blumenson, John J. G. Identifying American Architecture: A Pictorial Guide to Styles. W. W. Norton & Company; Revised edition, 1990.
- Baker, John Milnes. American House Styles: A Concise Guide. W. W. Norton & Company, 2002.
- Carley, Rachel. The Visual Dictionary of American Domestic Architecture. Holt, 1997.
- McAlester, Virginia and Lee McAlester. A Field Guide to American Houses. Knopf, 1984.
- Poppeliers, John. What Style Is It?: A Guide to American Architecture, Revised Edition. Wiley, 2003.
- Roth, Leland. A Concise History Of American Architecture. Westview Press, 1980.