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Rock-protecting temple, talus slope, Seng-ge Monastery, Kham (Sichuan Province, China)

Masonry (stone at end)

Characteristics and athology

Masonry Cleaning, Coating, Consolidation

  1. Preservation Briefs 01: Assessing Cleaning and Water-Repellent Treatments for Historic Masonry Buildings, Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service
  2. Preservation Briefs 06: Dangers of Abrasive Cleaning to Historic Buildings, Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service
  3. Abrasive or Chemical Masonry Cleaning Techniques: Which should you specify?, ProSoCo
  4. Sealing Or Painting Previously Sand-Blasted Brick Masonry, Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, GSA
  5. ROTEC® VORTEX Cleaning Process,Quintek
    1. Cleaning System
  6. Restoration Treatments, ProSoCo
  7. BIA Technical Notes 6, Painting Brick Masonry
  8. BIA Technical Notes 6A, Colorless Coatings for Brick Masonry

Mortars and Repoiting

  1. Soil
    1. Soil Texture
      1. Soil texture, Wikipedia
        1. Particle size (grain size), Wikipedia
          1. Wentworth Grain Size Chart
    2. Aggregate, Wikipedia
      1. Sand, Wikipedia
      2. Clay, Wikipedia
    3. Aggregate Shake Test
    4. Lamotte Soil Texture Unit - Sample Collection and Testing
  2. Lime
    1. Lime Cycle
    2. Quicklime
    3. Taylor, Jonathan. What is Lime? Building Conservation Directory, 1999.
    4. Taylor, Jonathan. Lime: The Basics. Building Conservation Directory, Historic Churches, 2000.
    5. Ellis, Peter. Gauging Lime Mortars. Building Conservation Directory, 2002.
    6. Scottish Lime Center
    7. Virginia Lime Works
  3. Mortars, Plasters and Cements
    1. Collective
      1. McKee, Harley, Introduction to Early American Masonry, Washington, DC: The APT Press, 1973, Part 3 Mortar provided
    2. Lime mortars
      1. Traditional Lime Putty, Virginia Lime Works
      2. Ashurst, John. The Technology and Use of Hydraulic Lime. Building Conservation Directory, 1997.
      3. Preparing Lime Mortar for Repoiting Masonry, GSA
      4. O'Hare, Graham, Lime Mortars and Renders: The Relative Merits of Adding Cement
      5. Ellis, Peter. Gauging Lime Mortars
      6. Preparing Lime Mortar For Repointing Masonry, Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, GSA
    3. Natural Cement
      1. Vicat Prompt Natural Cement, Virginia Lime Works
      2. Rosendale Cement
      3. Pozzolana w, Pozzolan w, Pozzolanic reaction w
      4. Gibbons, Pat. Pozzolans for Lime Mortars
    4. Mortar Analysis and Matching
      1. Mortar analysis, US Heritage
      2. Schnable, Lorraine. Mortar Analysis Part 1, Part 2 provided: Analytical Methods, APT Bulletin, Practice Points 05/07
      3. Ellis, Peter. The Analysis of Mortar:The Past 20 Years
    5. Mortar Repointing
      1. Preservation Briefs 02: Repointing Mortar Joints in Historic Masonry Buildings. National Park Service. Robert C. Mack, FAIA, and John P. Speweik
      2. Speweik, John. The History of Masonry Mortar in America, 1720-1995. provided
      3. Repointing Masonry: Problems with Hard Mortar, New York Landmarks Conservancy
    6. Joint Preparation: A Job for Pneumatics

Hand molding sand-struck brick, Bellingdon Brick Works, Oxfordshire, England.


  1. Geology
    1. Stone Performance
    2. McKee, Harley, Introduction to Early American Masonry, Washington, DC: The APT Press, 1973, Part 1, Stone provided
    3. Shadmon, Asher. Stone: An introduction, Intermediate Technology Publications, 1989. provided
  2. MIscellaneous
    1. Ward's for geology supplies.
    2. Stoney Creek Granite Quarry Worker Celebration
    3. Regolith.com
    4. Collecting Rocks
    5. Selected References On Rocks, Minerals, And Gemstones
    6. National Geologic Map Database, which includes GEOLEX, a search tool for lithologic and geochronologic unit names
    7. Building Stone of Our Nation's Capitol
    8. State Geologic Maps
    9. Geologic Maps of the United States
    10. National Mapping Information
    11. Books and Other Publications