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Mid-Term — Study Questions 2011

Logan Circle, Washington, DC, 1985.

Define

  1. Federalism
  2. Home rule
  3. Dillon's rule
  4. Enabling legislation
  5. Mandate
  6. Unfunded mandate
  7. Case law
  8. Fifth amendment (relative to its importance in planning)
  9. Fourteenth amendment (relative to its importance in planning)
  10. 1909 Plan of Chicago
  11. New York City 1916 Zoning Resolution
  12. Village of Euclid, Ohio v. Ambler Realty Co.
  13. Police power
  14. Euclidian zoning
  15. Zoning
  16. Planning (urban and regional)
  17. Standard State Zoning Enabling Act (SZEA) of 1926
  18. Standard City Planning Enabling Act (SCPEA) of 1928
  19. Greenbelt towns
  20. Housing Act of 1934
  21. Housing Act of 1949
  22. Housing Act of 1954
  23. Berman v Parker
  24. Brown v. Board of Education
  25. National Trust for Historic Preservation
  26. US Department of Housing and Neighborhood Development (HUD)
  27. Urban renewal
  28. Blight
  29. Jane Jacobs and The Death and Life of Great American Cities
  30. College Hill Plan, Providence
  31. National Historic Preservation Act of 1966 (NHPA) , as amended
  32. Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
  33. NHPA, Section 101 SHPO mandates
  34. NHPA, Section 106 review process
  35. Certified Local Government
  36. American Planning Association
  37. National Register
  38. Nonprofit organization
  39. Rehabilitation
  40. Rehabilitation tax credits
  41. Antoinette Downing
  42. Preservation Planning

Federalism

  • Provide three (diverse, comlementary) examples that illustrate the shifting nature of 'federalism' through history.

Planning and Planning

  • Define 'planning' as a (1) profession-independent process and as a (2) professional discipline.

Home and Dillon's Rule

  • Discuss how 'Home Rule' and 'Dillon's Rule' affect planning and 'growth management'.

NHPA

  • What were the developments that led to passage fo the NHPA? Be specific, citing, at least, (1) two acts and (2) two examples of their effect.
  • What is mandated to SHPOs in Section 101, NHPA?
  • What are the following with reference to Section 106, NHPA, with examples of each?
    1. Undertaking
    2. Consulting parties
    3. Adverse effect
    4. Mitigation

Planning and Zoning

  • Explain the relationship between 'comprehensive planning' and 'zoning' as defined in work starting in the 1920s to today.
  • How has 'Euclidian zoning' affected land use in America? Reference at least two examples to inform your answer.
  • What is 'comprehensive' about 'comprehensive zoning?' Reference at least two sources (laws, etc.) to inform your answer.
  • What is the relationship between 'police power' and 'zoning'? Cite at least two Supreme Court decisions to illustrate your answer.

Preservation Planning

  • Define the principles and standards for 'preservation planning' as formalized by the National Park Service and discussed in class by Rick Greenwood