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Inspection Checklist

Site

  1. Property
  2. Address
  3. Owner
  4. Address

Records

  1. Original drawings
  2. Records of past additions or alterations
  3. Maintenance records
  4. Maintenance contracts
  5. Guarantees or warranties
  6. Insurance policies
  7. Monitoring apparatus (telltales)
  8. Services
  9. Gas - provider:
  10. Electricity -provider:
  11. Sewage - type and location:
  12. Water - source:
  13. Telephone - provider:
  14. Mail delivery
  15. Storm drainage system
  16. Trash removal - provider:
  17. Other municipal services

Grounds

  1. Soil type: clay, silt, gravel, sands, boulder, bedrock till, rocky, clean fill, organic matter fill
  2. Drainage of lot sufficient
  3. Ruts, low spots, or wet ground present
  4. Condition of lawn
  5. Bare spots in lawn
  6. Edges and borders
  7. Street sweepings on lawn
  8. Street trash on lawn
  9. Salt damage near sidewalks or street
  10. Condition of trees (insects and/or rot)
  11. Condition of shrubs
  12. Trees need pruning (dead limbs)
  13. Shrubs need pruning
  14. Noxious weeds present
  15. Plants holding water against structure
  16. Trees overhang or touch structure (damage or leaf buildup)
  17. Are shrub or tree roots damaging the structure
  18. Presence of creepers or vines
  19. Damage caused by creepers or vines
  20. Do grounds show signs of rodents
  21. Safe refuse storage area present
  22. Health hazards: animal/bird feces, lead paint, chemicals
  23. Services of a landscape architect required

Sidewalks or driveways

  1. Sidewalk material(s): concrete, asphalt, pavers, gravel, soil
  2. Sidewalk safety hazards
  3. Sidewalk cracked, heaved or sunken
  4. Sidewalk spalled
  5. Driveway material(s): concrete, asphalt, paver, gravel, soil
  6. Driveway is cracked, heaved or sunken
  7. Driveway bumper clearance at curb is sufficient
  8. Safe view when backing/driving out of the driveway
  9. Driveway width is sufficient
  10. Driveway shows oil stains

Fences, play equipment, etc.

  1. Wood fences, rails or posts have rot present
  2. Wood fences out of alignment
  3. Metal fences dented or rusted
  4. Fences pose safety hazards
  5. Fences are properly painted
  6. Children play equipment free of sharp edges, rotted cords, rotted wood members

Foundations

  1. Material: concrete, block, stone, brick, pressure treated wood
  2. Pointing: lime, cement
  3. Stucco: lime or cement, pigmented
  4. Pointing needs repair - amount (%) damaged
  5. Nature of previous repointing
  6. Joint profile appropriate to the structure
  7. Stucco needs repair - amount (%) damaged
  8. Condition of stucco repairs
  9. Quality of previous stucco repair
  10. Moisture - rising damp present (average height)
  11. Moisture - backsplash from ground (distance soil to organic material)
  12. Moisture - shrubs holding moisture to structure
  13. Water drains away from foundation (positive drainage)
  14. Neighboring buildings preventing proper drainage
  15. Moisture problem is general or local
  16. Spalling from freezing present
  17. Spalling from subflorescence (salts) present
  18. Efflorescence present
  19. Cracks
    1. Cracks - probable result of material shrinkage
    2. Cracks - have old building debris in them
    3. Cracks - caused by structural movement
    4. Cracks - require additional monitoring (telltales)
  20. Uneven settlement present (location)
  21. Foundations shows tilts or bulges
  22. Evidence of oxide jacking (rust bulges) present
  23. Iron rust stains present
  24. Copper stains present
  25. Organic stains present
  26. Foundation crawl space vents operable and clear of vegetation
  27. Foundation openings (door and windows) show:
  28. rust - location:
  29. rot - location:
  30. insect attack - location:
  31. paint failure - type/location:
  32. soil buildup - location:
  33. deflection of lintels - location:
  34. Exterior cellar steps safe
  35. Exterior cellar door weather tight
  36. Exterior cellar door free of biological attack
  37. Exterior cellar door properly painted - failure:
  38. Exterior cellar door secure, with lock and proper hinges
  39. Services of a structural engineer required

Structure

Type of wall

  1. Solid masonry: poured concrete, cement block, brick, cut stone, random ashlar, terra cotta, other:
  2. Clad wood frame: heavy timber, balloon, platform, log, stacked plank, other:
  3. Metal skeleton

Cladding Material

  1. Wood: clapboard, cut shingle, split shingle, board and batten
  2. plywood panels, other:
  3. stone veneer, other:
  4. Modern products: vinyl siding, aluminum siding, metal clad, asbestos shingles,
    insul-brick, carrara glass, plastic, other:

Finish Materials
__ Type: latex paint, alkyd paint, oil paint, cement paint, lime paint, varnish,
oil, stain, metal paint
__ Texture: flat, eggshell, satin, semi-gloss, gloss

Condition of Masonry Wall (Solid of veneered) ______
__ Moisture problems present: rising damp, rain penetration, condensation moisture from plants, falling damp from roof, sills, or ledges
__ Spalling from freezing present: Location:___________________
__ Spalling from subflorescence present Location:___________________
__ Efflorescence present Location:____________________
__ Pointing in lime or cement ______
__ Pointing needs repair? Amount damaged, %___________________
__ Quality of previous repointing is good ______
__ Cement pointing used as repair material ______
__ Original joint profile damaged in previous repairs ______
__ Joint profile appropriate to structure ______
__ Weep holes present and open ______
__ Arches or lintels deflected Rot, rust, building movement ______
__ Walls are plumb ______
__ Walls show bulges ______
__ Metal masonry ties are probably rusted ______
__ Cracks - probably result of material shrinkage ______
__ Cracks have old debris present in them ______
__ Cracks - caused by structural movement ______
__ Cracks require additional monitoring ______
__ Uneven settlement present ______
__ Stains present - rust, copper, organic, paint ______
__ Surface weathered, acid etched, or crusted ______
__ Surface needs cleaning ______
__ Surface has been sandblasted ______
__ Surface has sealant on it: When treated________
__ Masonry has had plastic repairs ______
__ Original masonry repaired with matching material ______

Condition of Wooden Elements
__ Moisture problem present_____________________
__ Insect attack present_____________________
__ Fungal attack present_____________________
__ Other forms of biological attack_______________________
__ Wood surface badly weathered from UV ______
__ Wood is warped, cupped, twisted ______
__ Wood is split, checked or has loose knots ______
__ Nails are pulling loose or rusted ______
__ Mitre joints opening from shrinkage and structural movement ______
__ Mechanical damage to wooden elements ______

Condition of Exterior Surface Finish Material
__ Surface finish shows:
__ Solvent blistering ______
__ Moisture blistering ______
__ Sag or wrinkling ______
__ Alligatoring ______
__ Peeling from wood - intercoat failure ______
__ Peeling from wood - moisture induced ______
__ Peeling from masonry - caused by efflorescence ______
__ Peeling from masonry - caused by moisture ______
__ Chalking ______
__ UV induced varnish failure ______
__ Surface finish has following stains:
__ Rust ______
__ Bleeding knots ______
__ Mildew ______
__ Colored paint drip mars ______
__ Other stains _____________________ ______
__ Surface finish cleanliness:
__Dirt and grease under soffit ______
__Dirt and grease by air vents ______
__General surface soiled ______
__ Surface finish neatly applied ______
__ End grain stopped ______
__ Caulking is sound, well applied and flexible ______
__ Architectural detail muted ______

Openings: Windows

Glass
__ Glass is optically clear, cracked, scratched, bubbled, seeds, reams ______
__ Glass has oily grime deposit on exterior surface ______
__ Glass is missing ______
__ Double glazed sash has fogged over inside its glass sandwich ______
__ Percent of original glass present (____%) ______

Glazing
__ Glass is back puttied ______
__ Putty has perished ______ __ Putty is brittle and falling out ______

Sash Frames
__ Sash painted shut ______
__ Condensation damage to wood and paint present ______
__ Sash easy to operate ______
__ Frame is free of distortion ______
__ Joints are open to moisture and penetration ______
__ End grain is properly stopped-up ______
__ Frame is badly weathered ______
__ Sash is probably of original design format ______

Hardware
__ Window pulleys turn freely ______
__ Sash cords are sound ______
__ Window locks are secure and free of rust at anchor screws ______
__ Hinges swing freely ______
__ Storm window and shutter hardware is present and in good operating condition ______
__ Sliding hardware operates smoothly ______

Storm Windows
__ Each opening has its proper storm window ______
__ Storm windows seat snugly against frame or weather stripping ______
__ Aluminum storms properly installed, free of air leaks and operates freely ______
__ Storm window sash show evidence of condensation damage ______

Frames and Sills
__ Frame is plumb, level and square ______
__ Sills show weather checking ______
__ Drip cap flashings are present and free of corrosion ______
__ Sills have drip grove on underside ______
__ Caulking between frame elements and cladding material is secure and flexible ______

Openings: Doors

Wooden Doors
__ Joints are secure ______
__ Door sags at its joints ______
__ Door sags on its hinges ______
__ Door has been clipped top or bottom to fit non-square opening or uneven floor ______
__ Door seats against its stops or weather stripping without springing the hinges ______
__ Door panels are cracked ______
__ Panels show past repair attempts ______
__ Excessive paint build-up at panel edges ______
__ End grain of exterior door is stopped - up ______
__ Exterior plywood doors delaminating ______
__ Bolection moldings secure and not nailed to panels ______

Metal Doors
__ Show signs of corrosion ______
__ Sprung from excessive heat ______
__ Door fits properly against its stops ______

Door Hardware
__ Hinges are sprung ______
__ Hinges need lubrication ______
__ Locks work freely ______
__ Latches work freely ______
__ Extra sets of keys are available ______
__ Door stops are effective ______
__ Door can be easily jimmied ______
__ Glass in Door ______

Door Frames
__ Door frames are plumb, level and square ______
__ Door frame wicking up water ______
__ Door frame well caulked to cladding ______
__ Sill is worn ______

Additional Information
__ Storm doors present ______
__ Screen doors present ______
__ Door width meets code requirements ______


Gutters and Downspouts

Gutters
__ Material is: galvanized iron, copper, aluminum, plastic ______
__ Size of gutter (____ mm) will handle water load ______
__ Sagging and ponding present (caused by ladder, snow or ice load) ______
__ Gutter mounting brackets are secure ______
__ Gutters show signs of corrosion ( acid fluxedjoints, ponding, etc.) ______
__ Gutters filled with trash from trees ______
__ Gutter screens present ______
__ Copper free from iron contact ______

Downspouts
__ Material is: galvanized iron, copper, aluminum, plastic ______
__ Size of downspout (____ mm) will handle water load ______
__ Leader boxes are of sufficient size ______
__ Water is flushing against the structure ______
__ Down spouts can be loosened for inspection and maintenance ______
__ Feed out is securely attached and runs water away from building ______
__ Feed outs can be moved around without damage ______

Roof

Type of Roof and General Comments
__ Design: gable, hip, flat, dormers, valleys, other __________________ ______
__ Materials: sawn shingle, shakes, slate, asphalt shingles, rolled asphalt
galvanized iron shingle or sheet, tin clad iron, lead, stainless steel,
hot tar, rubber membrane and built up. ______
__ Are there water blockage points behind chimneys, plugged valleys, etc. ______
__ Has the leading edge of the roof been damaged by ladders ______
__ Is there a drip edge present ______
__ Is there leading edge of the roof wet ______
__ Is there evidence of biological attack ______
__ Is there evidence of broken shingles, wind damage or severe weathering ______
__ Is the nailing sound or are shingles dangling ______
__ Have there been previous repairs ______
__ Are wooden shingles cupped or split ______
__ Are roof vents sufficient for attic size ______
__ Is the soffit vented ______
__ Is there cathodic reaction between metals ______
__ Are there holes in the roof from guy cables, ice removal, etc. ______
__ Are nails pulling loose ______
__ Flashing are well seated ______
__ Metal seams are well crimped ______
__ Heater cables worn ______

Flat Roofs
__ Is there trash build-up ______
__ Blisters of slits in the membrane ______
__ Roof well covered with gravel ______
__ Drain pipes are plugged or standing proud ______
__ Flashings are well seated ______
__ Ponding of water is present ______

Chimneys

Materials
__ Chimney constructed of brick, stone, lime mortar, cement mortar,
refractory cement, tile lining, metal lining, metal insulated chimney ______
__ Chimney is interior or exterior ______
__ Number of flues:______ ______

General Conditions
__ Chimney standing proud from exterior foundations ______
__ Chimney repaired above roof line ______
__ Condition of pointing sound ______
__ Inner lime or cement parging sound ______
__ Cleanout present ______
__ Chimney needs cleaning or creosote ______
__ Air tight wood stove in use ______
__ Type of fuel burnt: oil, wood, gas, coal ______
__ Chimney has stainless steel liner ______
__ Chimney can be cleaned and inspected easily from the roof ______
__ Flue is round or square (size____ mm) ______
__ Condensation problems present ______
__ Chimney leans ______
__ Combustible material clearance meets code ______
__ Chimney cap present ______
__ Metal chimney shows "hot spots" from settlement ______
__ Smoke bomb test warranted ______
__ Chimney is well flashed ______
__ Number of appliances on each flue:______________ ______

Porches and Open Balconies

Materials
__ Wood, concrete, stone brick, metal, other __________________ ______
General Conditions
__ Steps are safe ______
__ Handrails are secure ______
__ Salt damage present ______
__ Support post shows rot in base ______
__ Iron fittings are corroded ______
__ Area is well lit ______

Plumbing

Water Supply
__ Potable water source: municipal, well, cistern, stream, lake ______
__ Water test conducted:
Potable_______________________
Iron content______________________
Mineral content_______________________
__ Water pressure (______ psi) ______
Pressure limiting valve present ______
__ Curb stop location:_________________________________________
__ Depth of water main:___________________ ______
__ Metered / Non- metered ______
Meter location:_______________________________________
__ Water main: lead, galvanized iron, "K" copper ______
Size:______________
Condition:__________________

Distribution System
__ Material, lead, iron, K,L,M, copper, polyethylene ______
__ Approximate age:_______ Condition: good, fair , poor ______
__ Mixed material ______
__ Main distribution size:_______________ ______
__ Branch distribution size:_______________ ______
__ Pipes insulated ______
__ Pipes slope for complete drainage ______
__ Pipe location limits basement use ______
__ Vacuum breakers outside on bibs ______
__ Vacuum breaker present on boiler supply ______
__ Location of main shut-off valve:______________________________________ ______

Fixtures
__ Number of fixtures: sink_____, laundry tub_____, bath tub_____,
shower_____, water closet______, lav_____, bidet_____ ______
__ Bathroom location, number of pieces, condition ______
No. 1_______________________________________________________
No. 2_______________________________________________________
No. 3_______________________________________________________
No. 4_______________________________________________________
__ Leakage on underside or at traps ______
__ Water pressure sufficient ______
__ Faucets drip ______
__ Shut offs on W.C. and bidets ______
__ Tank gaskets on W.C. brittle ______
__ Showers, tubs and sinks well caulked ______
__ Chrome fittings worn or marred ______
__ Plaster damage by fixtures from wetting ______

Water Heater
__ Make:____________________, Model:______________________,
Wattage:____________________ ______
__ Tank lining: glass or galvanized ______
__ Owned or rented ______
Cost per month:______________ ______
__ Gals. / Liters:_________ ______
__ Approximate Age:___________ ______
__ Temperature / Pressure release valve ______
__ Overflow pipe ______
__ Tank easy to drain ______
__ Tank properly vented ______
__ Insulated blanket present ______
__ General condition: good, fair, poor ______

Shut-off Valves
__ Risers to separate dwelling ______
__ Main drain valve present ______
__ Separate lines have bleeders ______

Vent System
__ All fixtures vented ______
__ Island sinks vented ______
__ Height of vent above roof:______________
__ Diameter of roof vent:____________
__ Vent pipe insulated in attic ______

Waste disposal system
__ Evidence of recent blockage ______
__ Clean out cap recently removed ______
__ All fixtures have proper traps ______
__ Soil pipe shows deterioration ______
__ Leech field wet, smelly ______
__ Size of leech field:_______________________ ______
__ Age of leeching bed:_________ ______
__ Size of septic tank:_________ ______
__ Record available of past clean outs ______

Well
__ Depth:________ ______
__ Pump type: reciprocating, jet, submersible ______
__ Make:_____________________________ ______
__ Model:____________________________ ______
__ Year:____________________________ ______
__ Serial #:_____________________ ______
__ Pump protected from freezing ______
__ Capacity pressure storage tank:_______________ ______
__ Pressure switch working normally ______
__ Well cap and casing safe from accidental entry ______
__ Distance to waste drainage field or stock yard:_________________ ______


Electrical

Service entry
__ Overhead line height:____________ ______
__ Wire size:__________AWG, Amp rating ______
__ Service panel rating:_______amps ______
__ Meter size:_________amps, Location:______________________________
__ Approximate age of installation:___________________ ______
__ Current expected load usage:_____________amps ______
__ Building heated electrically ______

Service Panel
__ Circuit AWG Wire Gage Amp # of Outlets Connected to
1 ____________ ____ __________ __________
2 ____________ ____ __________ __________
3 ____________ ____ __________ __________
4 ____________ ____ __________ __________
5 ____________ ____ __________ __________
6 ____________ ____ __________ __________
7 ____________ ____ __________ __________
8 ____________ ____ __________ __________
9 ____________ ____ __________ __________
10 ____________ ____ __________ __________
11 ____________ ____ __________ __________
12 ____________ ____ __________ __________
13 ____________ ____ __________ __________
14 ____________ ____ __________ __________
15 ____________ ____ __________ __________
16 ____________ ____ __________ __________
17 ____________ ____ __________ __________
18 ____________ ____ __________ __________
19 ____________ ____ __________ __________
20 ____________ ____ __________ __________

__ Fuse rejectors present ______
__ Fuse bases pitted ______
__ Circuit jumpers in fuse box ______

Ground Circuits
__ Ground location: street side water meter, earth stake ______
__ Ground connector: loose, heavily corroded ______
__ Branch circuits have ground wire ______
__ Plugs and sockets properly plugged ______
__ Live wires switched ______

Branch Circuits
__ Knob and tube, plastic sheath, or mixed ______
__ Type of wire: copper, aluminum ______
__ If aluminum: connections show signs of corrosion ______
__ Points of heavy load show heat embrittlement of insulation ______
__ Bathroom plugs: Ground Fault Protected ______
__ Refrigerator on separate circuit ______
__ Stove has plug ______
__ Dryer has plug ______
__ Load miser present: what circuit_____________ ______
__ Exterior pugs have GFI ______
__ Switch and outlet boxes papered over ______
__ Placement of wires in basement limits use of space ______

Heating and Air Conditioning

General Information
__ Fuel Source: oil, gas, coal, wood, electric, solar ______
__ Heat distribution: gravity, forced air, hot water, steam ______
__ Fuel storage capability: __________ ______
__ Fuel supplier:_______________________________________________ ______
__ Past record of fuel bills available ______
__ Furnace: make______________________, model___________________
serial #______________, BTU____________ ______
__ Service technician:______________________________________________ ______
__ Air Filter #:_____________ ______
__ Fuel Filter #:______________ ______

Electric Heat
__ Wattage / room and circuit no:
Kitchen__________________________ bedroom 1______________________
living room_______________________ bedroom 2______________________
dinning room_____________________ bedroom 3______________________
Hall down________________________ bedroom 4______________________
hall up__________________________ den____________________________
bath 1___________________________ basement_______________________
bath 2___________________________ other___________________________
__ Thermostats function ______
__ Units free of dust ______
__ Maker:_____________________ Model #:__________________
__ Local supplier:____________________________________________

Oil Fired Furnace
__ Good spark and points ______
__ Clean yellow frame ______
__ Air blower clean and quiet ______
__ Combustion chamber free of soot ______
__ Service record present ______
__ Combustion chamber free of rust ______
__ Ample air supply present ______
__ Draft regulator on flue pipe ______
__ Thermostat functions ______
__ Fuel line well protected ______
__ Fuel filter easy to change ______
__ Storage tank free of rust ______
__ Fuel filling and vent pipe properly capped ______
__ Fuel level indicator easy to read ______

Gas Fired Furnace
__ Pilot light out for summer ______
__ Thermostat functions properly ______
__ Clean blue flame present ______
__ Ample air supply present ______
__ Unit is free of rust ______
__ Gas line secure and in good condition ______
__ Fuel storage tank in safe location ______

Heat Distribution - Water and Steam
__ Water pump runs quietly ______
__ Pressure relief valves free of corrosion ______
__ Radiators have air vents that work ______
__ Distribution system has corrosion or leaks present ______
__ Radiators free of heavy paint build up ______
__ Pipes interfere with use of basement space ______

Heat Distribution - Forced Air
__ Blower motor quiet ______
__ Filters clean ______
__ Supply of extra filters on hand ______
__ Rust or condensation in duct work ______
__ Duct work free of dust and dirt ______
__ Location and number of cold air returns adequate ______

Humidification Unit
__ Humidistat functions properly ______
__ Humidification unit has scum, rust or mineral deposits in tray ______
__ Unit runs quietly ______
__ Unit leaks water onto furnace unit ______

Air Conditioner
__ Approximate age of unit ______
__ Air or water cooled ______
__ Unit responds to thermostat control ______
__ Unit free of noise and vibration ______
__ Make:________________________Model:_______________________
Serial #:_______________________
Service Rep.:___________________________________________________


Plaster

Materials
__ Lime plaster, gypsum plaster, gypsum wallboard, waterproof wallboard ______
__ Textures: smooth coat, 2nd coat, applied texture ______
__ Lath type: sawn wood, split wood, expanded metal, "rock lath" ______
__ Plaster grounded to woodwork or woodwork applied over plaster ______
__ Decorative elements: moulding, carvings ______

Condition
__ Plaster keys are sound ______
__ Plaster shows signs of general deterioration ______
__ Distemper paint present ______
__ Wallpaper over plaster ______
__ Movement cracks present ______
__ Shrinkage cracks present ______
__ Older repairs present ______
__ Paper covering on wallboard torn ______
__ Lath telegraphing through ______
__ Plaster by baths and showers sound ______

Interior Finishes

Wallpapers
__ Type: vinyl coated, stripable, historic ______
__ Condition: soiled, torn, abraded, faded, misaligned ______
__ Repair rolls or scraps available ______

Paints
__ Type: oil, latex, alkyd, casein, distemper ______
__ Record of color and manufacturer present ______
__ Cans of touch up paint available and usable ______
__ Condition of paint: soiled, cracked, alligatored, worn, chipped ______
__ Paint on hardware ______
__ Quality of paint work: excellent, good, sloppy ______
__ Walls have decorative stencils present ______
Interior Woodwork and Floors

__ Type of wood:_____________________________
__ Woodwork is historic, replacement, modern ______
__ Woodwork was painted or varnished when new ______
__ Excessive layer of paint present ______
__ Varnish is dull and dirty ______
__ Wooden floors worn ______
__ Wooden floors have recently been sanded ______
__ Wooden floors squeak ______
__ Ceramic tiles are in excellent, fair, poor condition ______
__ Linoleum coverings in excellent, fair, poor condition ______
__ Carpets are clean ______
__ Carpets are in excellent, fair, poor condition ______
__ Carpets are wool, nylon, polyester ______

Security

  1. Door locks
  2. Window locks
  3. Window barriers
  4. Alarm system - type:
  5. Lighting - type:
  6. Grounds fencing - type:

    Environmental analysis and testing
  7. Insect infestation (termite and woodboring)
  8. Radon
  9. Lead paint
  10. Water quality
  11. Water flow
  12. Asbestos: dust, bulk or air sampling
  13. Formaldehyde gas analysis (UFFI)
  14. Carbon monoxide gas analysis

Fire

  1. Electrical wiring
  2. Lightening rods
  3. Smoke detectors -location:
  4. Fire detection system - type:
  5. Fire suppression system - type
  6. Hydrants - location:

Other