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Oregon Lumber Company's Mills, Baker City, Oregon, 1907. Source.

Mill Work

Hoadley, R. Bruce. Understanding Wood, Newtown, Connecticut: The Taunton Press, 1980.

Chapter 6: Strength, pp. 109-135, Download as PDF file. Peruse.

Chapter 12: The Woodworker's Raw Material, pp. 203-215. Download as PDF file. Peruse.

Tutorial on Lumber Basics by the Western Wood Products Association.

Forest Products Laboratory, USDA Forest Service

Forest Products Laboratory. 1999. Wood handbook – Wood as an engineering material. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-113. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 463 p. [View all chapters to download PDF files.] Peruse.

Chapter 5, Commercial Lumber [PDF file 551 kb,21 pp.] Peruse.

Chapter 6, Lumber Stress Grades and Design Properties [PDF file 329 KB. 15 pp.] Peruse.

Lebow, Stan. 1996. Leaching of Wood Preservative Components and Their Mobility in the Environment--Summary of Pertinent Literature , USDA Forest Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-93. 36 p. [Download PDF file 429 kb, 40 pp.]

Lebow, Stan T., Steven A. Halverson, Jeffrey J. Morrell, John Simonson 2000. Role of Construction Debris in Release of Copper, Chromium, and Arsenic From Treated Wood Structures, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Research Paper FPL-RP-584. 6 p. [Download PDF file 117 kb, 8 pp.)

Highley, T.L. 1995. Comparative Durability of Untreated Wood in Use Above Ground, International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation 409-419. [Download PDF file213 kb, 12 pp.]