Teaching > Architectural
Conservation II (HP 482) >
||Introduction to Course
Preservation Technical Guides
||Nature of Wood
||• Hutcheon, N.B. and J.H. Jenkins. Some
Basic Characteristics of Wood, Canadian Building Digest
85. Ottawa, Ontario:, Division of Building Research, National
Research Council, 1967.
• Hutcheon, N.B. and J.H.
Implications of the Properties of Wood, Canadian Building
Digest 86. Ottawa, Ontario:, Division of Building Research,
National Research Council, 1967
• Hoadley, Understanding
Wood, 1980; Chapter 1, The Nature of Wood, pp.1-18; Chapter
3, Wood Identification, pp.39-46.
R. Bruce. Understanding Wood: A Craftsman's Guide to Wood
Technology. Newtown, Connecticut: The Taunton Press, 1980,
Chapter 4: Water and Wood, pp.67-70 [Download
as PDF file.]
||Laboratory: Wood Specie Identification, CEED Science lab 103
|| Moisture, Building Systems, Materials Conservation and Wood
• Park Sharon C., AIA. Holding
the Line: Controlling Unwanted Moisture in Historic Buildings.
Preservation Briefs 39, Washington, DC: Technical Preservation
Services, National Park Service [On
of Moisture in Houses by Joseph Lstiburek and John Carmody,
Home Energy Magazine Online November/December 1995.
• Hutcheon, N. B. “Humidity
in Canadian Buildings,” Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian
Building Digest 1, Division of Building Research, National
Research Council, rev. 1968.
• Hansen, A. T. “Moisture
Problems in Houses,” Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Building
Digest 231, Division of Building Research, National Research
Council, May 1984.
• Latta, J.K. "Vapour
Barriers: What are they? Are they Effective?" Canadian
Building Digest 175, ” Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Building
Digest 57, Division of Building Research, National Research
• Oxley, T.A. and E. G. Gobert. Dampness in Buildings:
Diagnosis, Treatment, instruments. London: Butterworths,
• Carll, Charles G., Terry L. Highley 1999. Decay of
Wood and Wood-Based Products Above Ground in Buildings, J.Testing
and Eval. 27(2): 150-158. [Download
PDF file 327kb, 9 pp.]
• Tsongas, George. Case Studies of Moisture Problems
in Residences, Manual on Moisture Control in Buildings,
ASTM, 1992. [Download
as PDF file.] [Skim]
• Simpson, William T. 1998. Equilibrium Moisture Content
of Wood in Outdoor Locations in the United States and Worldwide,
USDA Forest Serv. Res. Note FPL-RN-0268. 11 p. [Download
PDF fiel 565 kb, 14 pp.]
• TenWolde, Anton and William B. Rose 1999. Issues Related
to Venting of Attics and Cathedral Ceilings, CH-99-11-4. ASHRAE
Trans. 105(1): 1-7 [Download
PDF file 140 kb, 7 pp.]
||Laboratory: Wood Specie Identification — Continued,
CEED Science lab 103
||Wood Conservation Treatments, Systems Approach
Repair for Deterioration and Decay in Wooden Members, HPTP,
John. "Epoxy Repairs for Exterior Wood," Practical Restoration
Report, Sanford, Maine: John Leeke, Preservation Consultant,
1990, 10 pp.
Preparation For Painting Wood, HPTP,
And Paints For Wood, HPTP,
John. "Wooden Gutters," Practical Restoration Report,
Sanford, Maine: John Leeke, Preservation Consultant, 1989, 16
||Site assessment. Location to be announced.
||President's Day — No Class
Tarule, Rob, "The Mortise and Tenon Timber Frame: Tradition
and Technology," in Tools and Technologies: America's Wooden
Age, Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Paul B. Kebabian
and William C. Lipke, eds., 1979, pp. 28-42.
• Kebabian, Paul, “American Woodworking Tools: An
Historical Overview,” in Tools and Technologies: America’s
Wooden Age, Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Paul B. Kebabian
and William C. Lipke, eds., 1979, pp. 13-27.
• Gilmore, Andrea M. "Dating Architectural Moulding Profiles
- A Study of Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Moulding Plane
Profiles in New England." APT Bulletin, Vol.X, No.2, 1978, pp.91-117.
• McNulty, George F. "Henry C. Mercer and Dating by Mouldings."
APT Bulletin, Vol.X, No.4, 1978, pp.3-19.
||Architectural Tools and Joinry
site visit: 18th-Century Rake Making conducted by David Ellis,
Site Manager, Coggeshall Farm Museum. Meet on site at Coggeshall,
||Architectural Tools and Joinry - II
Sprague, Dr. Paul E. "Chicago Balloon Frame," in The Technology
of Historic American Buildings, H. Ward Jandl, editor, Washington,
DC: Foundation for Preservation Technology, 1983, pp.35-62.
• Englund, John H. "An Outline of the Development of Wood
Moulding Machinery." APT Bulletin, Vol.X, No.4, 1978, pp.20-46.
|• Hoadley, Understanding Wood,
1980, Chapter 6: Strength of Wood, pp.109-135; Chapter 12: The
Woodworker’s Raw Materials, pp.203-215.
Wood Products Association with tutorial on Lumber
• Forest Products Laboratory.
1999. Wood handbook—Wood as an engineering material. Gen.
Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-113. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 463 p. [View
all chapters to download PDF files.]
Stan. 1996. Leaching of Wood Preservative Components and Their
Mobility in the Environment--Summary of Pertinent Literature
, USDA Forest Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-93. 36 p. [Download
PDF file 429 kb, 40 pp.]
• Lebow, Stan T., Steven
A. Halverson, Jeffrey J. Morrell, John Simonson 2000. Role of
Construction Debris in Release of Copper, Chromium, and Arsenic
From Treated Wood Structures, U.S. Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service Res. Pap. FPL-RP-584. 6 p. [Download
PDF file 117 kb, 8 pp.)
• Highley, T.L. 1995. Comparative
Durability of Untreated Wood in Use Above Ground, Int. Biodeter.
& Biodegrad. 409-419. [Download
PDF file213 kb, 12 pp.]
• Alden, Harry A. 1997. Softwoods
of North America, USDA Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-102. 151 p. [Download
PDF file700 kb, 151 pp.] This report describes 52 taxa of North
American softwoods, which are organized alphabetically by genus.
Descriptions include scientific name, trade name, distribution,
tree characteristics, wood characteristics, and additional sources
of information. Data were compiled from existing literature,
mostly from research done at the U.S. Department of Agriculture,
Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin.
||Site visit: Brendan Kinnane, President, Troy City Woodwork,
394 Kilburn Street, Fall River, MA 02724, Tel. 508.679.8479
Kelley, Stephen J. "Overview: The Role of the Engineer in
Preservation," APT Bulletin, Vol. XXIII, No. 1, 1991,
Ghassan. "Authenticity vs. Stability: The Conservation Engineer's
Dilemma," APT Bulletin, Vol. XXIII, No. 1, 1991, pp.
18-21. And related letters to the editor from APT Bulletin,
Vol.XXIII, No.2, 1991, pp.3-4.
Nicholas L., PE. "Suggested Guidelines for the Structural
Examination, Analysis and Evaluation of a Historic Structure,"
APT Bulletin, Vol.XIV, No.4, 1982, pp.27-28.
Bernard M. Conservation of Historic Buildings, London:
Butterworths, rev. 1989; Chapter 2: Structural actions of
historic buildings, pp.25-35.
John, et.al. The Housing Rehabilitation Handbook, London:
The Architectural Press, 1980, Technical Study 4: Structural
J. Thomas, PE. "Inspecting Structural Systems," in Inspecting
and Maintaining Religious Properties, New York: New York
Landmarks Conservancy, 1989, pp.33-48.
Martha L., "Stabilization of Trinity Church, Newport, Rhode
Island," APT Bulletin, Vol.XXIII, No.1, 1991, pp.39-46.
Yun Sheng, Robert Mark, and Avery M. Wellman. "Westminster
Hall's Hammer-Beam Roof: A Technological Reconstruction,"
APT Bulletin, Vol.XX, No.1, 1988, pp.8-16.
David C., PE. "Conservation Case Study of the Cornish-Windsor
Covered Bridge," APT Bulletin, Vol.XXIII, No.1, 1991,
||Windows and Glass
Powers, Robert M., "Repair and Retrofitting Industrial Steel
Windows," Preservation Tech Notes, Windows, Number
17, Washington, DC: National Park Service, USDI, August 1989,
• Myers, John H. The
Repair of Historic Wooden Windows, Preservation Briefs
9, TPS, National Park Service, USDI, 1981.
• Swiatosz, Susan. “A Technical History of Late-Nineteenth-Century
Windows in the United States,” APT Bulletin, Vol. XVII,
No. 1, 1985, pp. 31-37.
• Vogel, Neal A. and Rolf Achilles. The
Preservation and Repair of Historic Stained and Leaded Glass,
Preservation Briefs 33, TPS, National Park Service,
• Park, Sharon C. The
Repair and Thermal Upgrading of Historic Steel Windows,
Preservation Briefs 13, TPS, National Park Service,
• GEGS08590 Wood Windows - Repair and Rehabilitation
Word doc), Seattle
District, US Army Corps of Engineers
||Site....Windows and Glass
||Windows and Glass
|• Wilson, Kenneth M. “Window Glass
in America,” in Building Early America, Radnor, PA: Chilton
Book Company, 1976, Charles Peterson, ed., chapter 9, pp. 150-164.
section 4 and 5
Susan. "A Technical History of Late Nineteenth-Century Windows
in the United States," APT Bulletin, Vol. XVII, No. 1,
1985, pp. 31-37. (continue)
• Rocky Mountain Regional Office, NPS, The
Preservation of Historic Pigmented Structural Glass (Vitrolite
and Carrera Glass),Preservation Briefs 12, Technical
Preservation Service, National Park Service, February 1984,
||Windows and Glass
Mercer, Henry C. The
Dating of Old Houses, New Hope, Bucks Co., PA: The Bucks
County Historical Society, October 13, 1923
• Nelson, Lee
H. "Nail chronology as an aid to dating old buildings," Nashville,
TN: American Association for State and Local History, Technical
Leaflet 48, 1968.
Stewardship (specific reading)
||Site visit: Charles Jeffers (Jeff) Moore, Furniture Conservator,
Furniture Conservation Workshop, Preservation Society of Newport
County, 424 Bellevue Avenue, Tel. 401.846.0783
The Periodic table
• Properties and behavior of metals
John and Nicola, Practical Building Conservation, English
Heritage Technical Handbook, vol.4: Metals. New York:
Halsted Press, 1988. pp.1-12.
John G. Metals in America's Historic Buildings: Uses and
Preservation Treatments - Part II. Deterioration and Methods
of Preserving Metals, Washington, DC: Technical Preservation
Services Division, HCRS, USDI, 1980, pp. 91-100.
Forrest. Building Materials Evaluation Handbook, New
York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1984, pp.192-203.
• Lee, Antoinette,
J. Lee. "Cast Iron in American Architecture: A Synoptic View,"
in The Technology of Historic American Buildings, H.
Ward Jandl, editor, Washington, DC: Foundation for Preservation
Technology, 1983, pp.97-116.
• Waite, John G. The
Maintenance and Repair of Architectural Cast Iron, Preservation
Briefs 27, TPS, Washington, DC:TPS, National Park Service,
Site visit: George Martell, Martell’s Metal Works,
36 Maple Avenue, Seekonk, MA 02771, Tel. 508.761.9130
||Roofing — I
& Renovation Exhibit and Conference
||Presentations — R&R Findings
Roofing — II
Sloan, Julie L. "Is Stained Glass Protective Glazing Necessary?"
Common Bond, Vol. 7, No. 2, Spring 1991, New York Landmarks
Conservancy, pp. 4-7.
• Other handouts on stained glass provided in class.
||Site visit: James Donahue, New England Stained Glass Studios,
478 Old Post Road, North Attleboro, MA 02760, Tel. 508.699.6965
||Donald Fleming, Acting Metallurgical Manager, Revere Copper
and Brass, Inc., 24 North Front Street, New Bedford, MA 02740
Tel 508.999.5601 x-2154
[To be confirmed.]
||Exam Period Begins