Teaching > Architectural Conservation II (HP 482) >

Spring 2005 Schedule — Friday 9:00 am to 12:00 noon, 2:00 pm to 5:00 pm [revised 050131]

Week Date/Day Topics Reading/Assignment
1 01/19

Introduction to Course,
Preservation Technical Guides Project (Philip)

None
• Hutcheon, N.B. and J.H. Jenkins. Some Basic Characteristics of Wood, Canadian Building Digest 85. Ottawa, Ontario:, Division of Building Research, National Research Council, 1967.
• Hutcheon, N.B. and J.H. Jenkins. Some Implications of the Properties of Wood, Canadian Building Digest 86. Ottawa, Ontario:, Division of Building Research, National Research Council, 1967
• Hoadley, R. Bruce. Understanding Wood, 1980; Chapter 1, The Nature of Wood, pp.1-18; Chapter 3, Wood Identification, pp.39-46.
Hoadley, R. Bruce. Understanding Wood: A Craftsman's Guide to Wood Technology. Newtown, Connecticut: The Taunton Press, 1980, Chapter 4: Water and Wood, pp.67-70 [Download as PDF file.]
• Forest Products Laboratory. 1999. Wood Handbook: Wood as an engineering material. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-113. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 463 p. [Table of contents to peruse.]
2 01/26 Nature of Wood (Philip)
Laboratory: Wood Specie Identification (Philip) • Hand-Lens Key for the Use of Identification of Important Comercial Woods Used in the Unites States, W. R. Adams, revised by R.A. Whitmore, University of Vermont.
Glossary
Species in Key
Wood Characteristics (Laboratory Assignment)
Wood Anatomy Slides (Laboratory Assignment)
3 02/02 Moisture, Building Systems, Materials Conservation and Wood (Philip)

• Park Sharon C., AIA. Holding the Line: Controlling Unwanted Moisture in Historic Buildings. Preservation Briefs 39, Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service [On NPS site.]
Fundamentals of Moisture in Houses by Joseph Lstiburek and John Carmody, Home Energy Magazine Online November/December 1995.
• Hutcheon, N. B. “Humidity in Canadian Buildings,” Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Building Digest 1, Division of Building Research, National Research Council, rev. 1968.
• Hansen, A. T. “Moisture Problems in Houses,” Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Building Digest 231, Division of Building Research, National Research Council, May 1984.
• Latta, J.K. "Vapour Barriers: What are they? Are they Effective?" Canadian Building Digest 175, ” Ottawa, Ontario: Canadian Building Digest 57, Division of Building Research, National Research Council, 1976
• Baker, M.C. Decay of Wood, Canadian Building Digest 111. Ottawa, Ontario:, Division of Building Research, National Research Council, 1969
• Carll, Charles G., Terry L. Highley 1999. Decay of Wood and Wood-Based Products Above Ground in Buildings, J.Testing and Eval. 27(2): 150-158. [Download PDF file 327kb, 9 pp.]
• Tsongas, George. Case Studies of Moisture Problems in Residences, Manual on Moisture Control in Buildings, ASTM, 1992. [Download as PDF file.] [Skim]
• Simpson, William T. 1998. Equilibrium Moisture Content of Wood in Outdoor Locations in the United States and Worldwide, USDA Forest Serv. Res. Note FPL-RN-0268. 11 p. [Download PDF fiel 565 kb, 14 pp.]
• TenWolde, Anton and William B. Rose 1999. Issues Related to Venting of Attics and Cathedral Ceilings, CH-99-11-4. ASHRAE Trans. 105(1): 1-7 [Download PDF file 140 kb, 7 pp.]

Laboratory: Wood Specie Identification — Continued (Philip)
4 02/09 Wood Conservation Treatments, Systems Approach (Philip) Epoxy Repair for Deterioration and Decay in Wooden Members, HPTP, GSA
Leeke, John. "Epoxy Repairs for Exterior Wood," Practical Restoration Report, Sanford, Maine: John Leeke, Preservation Consultant, 1990, 10 pp.
Surface Preparation For Painting Wood, HPTP, GSA
Primers And Paints For Wood, HPTP, GSA
• Leeke, John. "Wooden Gutters," Practical Restoration Report, Sanford, Maine: John Leeke, Preservation Consultant, 1989, 16 pp.
Site assessment, TBA (Philip)
5 02/16 Architectural Tools and Joinry - I (Philip)

• Tarule, Rob, "The Mortise and Tenon Timber Frame: Tradition and Technology," in Tools and Technologies: America's Wooden Age, Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Paul B. Kebabian and William C. Lipke, eds., 1979, pp. 28-42.
• Kebabian, Paul, “American Woodworking Tools: An Historical Overview,” in Tools and Technologies: America’s Wooden Age, Burlington, VT: University of Vermont, Paul B. Kebabian and William C. Lipke, eds., 1979, pp. 13-27.
• Gilmore, Andrea M. "Dating Architectural Moulding Profiles - A Study of Eighteenth and Nineteenth Century Moulding Plane Profiles in New England." APT Bulletin, Vol.X, No.2, 1978, pp.91-117.
• McNulty, George F. "Henry C. Mercer and Dating by Mouldings." APT Bulletin, Vol.X, No.4, 1978, pp.3-19.
6 02/23

 

Architectural Tools and Joinry - II (Philip) • Sprague, Dr. Paul E. "Chicago Balloon Frame," in The Technology of Historic American Buildings, H. Ward Jandl, editor, Washington, DC: Foundation for Preservation Technology, 1983, pp.35-62.
• Englund, John H. "An Outline of the Development of Wood Moulding Machinery." APT Bulletin, Vol.X, No.4, 1978, pp.20-46.
7 03/02

Mill Work (Philip or Jeff, TBA)

• Hoadley, Understanding Wood, 1980, Chapter 6: Strength of Wood, pp.109-135; Chapter 12: The Woodworker’s Raw Materials, pp.203-215.
Western Wood Products Association with tutorial on Lumber Basics
USDA Forest Service
Forest Products Laboratory
• Forest Products Laboratory. 1999. Wood handbook—Wood as an engineering material. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-113. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 463 p. [View all chapters to download PDF files.]
• Lebow, Stan. 1996. Leaching of Wood Preservative Components and Their Mobility in the Environment--Summary of Pertinent Literature , USDA Forest Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-93. 36 p. [Download PDF file 429 kb, 40 pp.]
• Lebow, Stan T., Steven A. Halverson, Jeffrey J. Morrell, John Simonson 2000. Role of Construction Debris in Release of Copper, Chromium, and Arsenic From Treated Wood Structures, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Res. Pap. FPL-RP-584. 6 p. [Download PDF file 117 kb, 8 pp.)
• Highley, T.L. 1995. Comparative Durability of Untreated Wood in Use Above Ground, Int. Biodeter. & Biodegrad. 409-419. [Download PDF file213 kb, 12 pp.]
• Alden, Harry A. 1997. Softwoods of North America, USDA Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-102. 151 p. [Download PDF file 700 kb, 151 pp.] This report describes 52 taxa of North American softwoods, which are organized alphabetically by genus. Descriptions include scientific name, trade name, distribution, tree characteristics, wood characteristics, and additional sources of information. Data were compiled from existing literature, mostly from research done at the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory, Madison, Wisconsin.
Site visit: Brendan Kinnane, President, Troy City Woodwork, 394 Kilburn Street, Fall River, MA 02724, Tel. 508.679.8479 (Jeff)
8 03/09 Spring Break  
9 03/16

Structure (Philip)

• Kelley, Stephen J. "Overview: The Role of the Engineer in Preservation," APT Bulletin, Vol. XXIII, No. 1, 1991, pp. 6-17.
Attar, Ghassan. "Authenticity vs. Stability: The Conservation Engineer's Dilemma," APT Bulletin, Vol. XXIII, No. 1, 1991, pp. 18-21. And related letters to the editor from APT Bulletin, Vol.XXIII, No.2, 1991, pp.3-4.
Gianopulous, Nicholas L., PE. "Suggested Guidelines for the Structural Examination, Analysis and Evaluation of a Historic Structure," APT Bulletin, Vol.XIV, No.4, 1982, pp.27-28.
Feilden, Bernard M. Conservation of Historic Buildings, London: Butterworths, rev. 1989; Chapter 2: Structural actions of historic buildings, pp.25-35.
Benson, John, et.al. The Housing Rehabilitation Handbook, London: The Architectural Press, 1980, Technical Study 4: Structural Stability, pp.32-39.
Ryan, J. Thomas, PE. "Inspecting Structural Systems," in Inspecting and Maintaining Religious Properties, New York: New York Landmarks Conservancy, 1989, pp.33-48.
Werenfels, Martha L., "Stabilization of Trinity Church, Newport, Rhode Island," APT Bulletin, Vol.XXIII, No.1, 1991, pp.39-46.
Huang, Yun Sheng, Robert Mark, and Avery M. Wellman. "Westminster Hall's Hammer-Beam Roof: A Technological Reconstruction," APT Bulletin, Vol.XX, No.1, 1988, pp.8-16.
• Fischetti, David C., PE. "Conservation Case Study of the Cornish-Windsor Covered Bridge," APT Bulletin, Vol.XXIII, No.1, 1991, pp.22-28.

Exam
10 03/23

Windows and Glass - I (Philip)

• Powers, Robert M., "Repair and Retrofitting Industrial Steel Windows," Preservation Tech Notes, Windows, Number 17, Washington, DC: National Park Service, USDI, August 1989, 8 pp.
• Myers, John H. The Repair of Historic Wooden Windows, Preservation Briefs 9, TPS, National Park Service, USDI, 1981.
• Swiatosz, Susan. “A Technical History of Late-Nineteenth-Century Windows in the United States,” APT Bulletin, Vol. XVII, No. 1, 1985, pp. 31-37.
• Vogel, Neal A. and Rolf Achilles. The Preservation and Repair of Historic Stained and Leaded Glass, Preservation Briefs 33, TPS, National Park Service, USDI, 1993.
• Park, Sharon C. The Repair and Thermal Upgrading of Historic Steel Windows, Preservation Briefs 13, TPS, National Park Service, USDI, 1984.
• GEGS08590 Wood Windows - Repair and Rehabilitation (download Word doc), Seattle District, US Army Corps of Engineers

11 03/30 Windows and Glass - II (Philip)
• Wilson, Kenneth M. “Window Glass in America,” in Building Early America, Radnor, PA: Chilton Book Company, 1976, Charles Peterson, ed., chapter 9, pp. 150-164.
section 4 and 5
Swiatosz, Susan. "A Technical History of Late Nineteenth-Century Windows in the United States," APT Bulletin, Vol. XVII, No. 1, 1985, pp. 31-37. (continue)
• Rocky Mountain Regional Office, NPS, The Preservation of Historic Pigmented Structural Glass (Vitrolite and Carrera Glass),Preservation Briefs 12, Technical Preservation Service, National Park Service, February 1984, 8 pp.
• Sloan, Julie L. "Is Stained Glass Protective Glazing Necessary?" Common Bond, Vol. 7, No. 2, Spring 1991, New York Landmarks Conservancy, pp. 4-7.
• Other handouts on stained glass provided in class and posted.
Site visit: James Donahue, New England Stained Glass Studios, 478 Old Post Road, North Attleboro, MA 02760, Tel. 508.699.6965 (Philip)
12 04/06 Dating (Philip) Mercer, Henry C. The Dating of Old Houses, New Hope, Bucks Co., PA: The Bucks County Historical Society, October 13, 1923
Nelson, Lee H. "Nail chronology as an aid to dating old buildings," Nashville, TN: American Association for State and Local History, Technical Leaflet 48, 1968.
Heritage Stewardship (specific reading)
Site visit, TBA (Philip)
13

04/13

Architectural Metals
Guest Lecturer, TBA

• The Periodic table
• Properties and behavior of metals
Ashurst, John and Nicola, Practical Building Conservation, English Heritage Technical Handbook, vol.4: Metals. New York: Halsted Press, 1988. pp.1-12.
Waite, John G. Metals in America's Historic Buildings: Uses and Preservation Treatments - Part II. Deterioration and Methods of Preserving Metals, Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services Division, HCRS, USDI, 1980, pp. 91-100.
• Wilson, Forrest. Building Materials Evaluation Handbook, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold Company, 1984, pp.192-203.
Lee, Antoinette, J. Lee. "Cast Iron in American Architecture: A Synoptic View," in The Technology of Historic American Buildings, H. Ward Jandl, editor, Washington, DC: Foundation for Preservation Technology, 1983, pp.97-116.
• Waite, John G. The Maintenance and Repair of Architectural Cast Iron, Preservation Briefs 27, TPS, Washington, DC:TPS, National Park Service, USDI, 1991.

   

Site visit: George Martell, Martell’s Metal Works, 36 Maple Avenue, Seekonk, MA 02771, Tel. 508.761.9130 (Jeff)

14 04/20 Roofing — I (Philip)

Roofing reading

  Macrocenter Symposium
15 04/27 Roofing — II (Philip) TBA
Site visit, TBA (Philip)
16 05/04 Hazards (Philip) TBA
     
17 05/06 F Exam Period Begins