16-Division Format - Terms

Division A standard category of construction specification established by the Construction Specifications Institute and MASTERFORMAT.

Section A portion of project specifications covering one trade subject (material), system, or assembly. It is divided into three parts. Information in any part of a section does not repeat material previously cited in Division 1 - General Requirements.

Part One of three groupings of a section: general, products, or execution.

Article A major subject consisting of related paragraphs within part of a specification section.

Paragraph One or more sentences, dealing with a particular item or point. 16-Division Format

__ Division and section sequence has been established by CSI and MASTERFORMAT.

__ Division number does not change.

__ Division number is the first two digits of a five digit number.

__ The remainder of the number refers to the section, many of which have been numbered by CSI and MASTERFORMAT.

__ Additional sections, not assigned by CSI or MASTERFORMAT, may be added by introducing a number and title between an existing sequence.

16-Division Format

Division 1 General Requirements
Division 2 Site Work
Division 3 Concrete
Division 4 Masonry
Division 5 Metals
Division 6 Wood and Plastic
Division 7 Thermal and Moisture Protection
Division 8 Doors and Windows
Division 9 Finishes
Division 10 Specialities
Division 11 Equipment
Division 12 Furnishings
Division 13 Special Construction
Division 14 Conveying Systems
Division 15 Mechanical
Division 16 Electrical

Division 1 - General Requirements

01010 Summary of Work
01011 Summary of Work - Multiple
01020 Allowances
01021 Cash Allowances
01024 Quantity Allowances
01025 Measurement and Payment
01026 Unit Prices
01027 Application for Payment
01030 Alternates/Alternatives
01035 Modification Procedures
01040 Coordination
01041 Project Coordination- Multiple Projects
01042 Mechanical and Electrical Coordination
01043 Job Site Administration
01045 Cutting and Patching
01050 Field Engineering
01060 Regulatory Requirements
01070 Abbreviations and Symbols

01080 Identification Systems
01095 Reference Standards and Definitions
01100 Special Project Procedures

Division 1 - General Requirements

01110 Alteration Project Procedures

(Hazardous Materials Procedures)
01130 Preservation Project Procedures
01200 Project Meetings
01210 Preconstruction Conferences
01315 CPM Schedules and Reports
01220 Progress Meetings
01300 Submittals
01310 Progress Schedules
01320 Progress Reports
01330 Survey Data
01340 Shop Drawings, Product Data, and Samples
01350 Field Samples
01360 Layout Data
01370 Schedule of Values
01380 Construction Photographs
01400 Quality Control
01410 Testing Laboratory Services
01420 Inspection Services
01430 Mock-ups
01440 Contractor's Quality Control
01500 Construction Facilities and Temporary Controls
Division 1 - General Requirements

01501 Temporary Facilities- Multiple Prime Contracts
01505 Mobilization
01510 Temporary Utilities
01520 Temporary Construction
01525 Construction Aids
01530 Barriers and Enclosures
01540 Security
01550 Access Roads and Parking Area
01560 Temporary Controls
01570 Traffic Regulation
01580 Project Identification and Signs
01590 Field Offices and Sheds
01600 Material and Equipment
01610 Transportation and Handling
01620 Storage and Protection
01630 Product Options and Substitutions
01650 Starting of Systems/Commissioning
01660 Testing, Adjusting, and Balancing of Systems
01670 Systems Demonstrations
01700 Contract Closeout
01710 Final Cleaning
Division 1 - General Requirements

01720 Project Record Documents
01730 Operating and Maintenance Data
01740 Warranties and Bonds
01750 Spare Parts and Maintenance Materials
01800 Maintenance

Sections - Part 1: General

Sections of each specification are divided into three parts. Information in any part of a section does not repeat material previously cited in Division 1 - General Requirements.

Part 1 - General

Defines specific administrative and procedural requirements unique to the section.

__ Summary of "scope" of work in the section without implying trade jurisdiction. It may further define, within the context of a broadscope section, the following:

narrowscope subject matter in the section

__ Section Includes - May list generic types of products, works or requirements,; no reference to procedure, processes, preparatory work, or final adjusting or cleaning.

__ Products furnished but not installed under this Section - Installation covered in other sections "by others" or "not in contract" but which are considered to be "installed by Owner." Include reciprocal statements in referenced sections.
Sections - Part 1: General

__ Products installed but not furnished under this Section - When products are to be furnished "by others"
or "not in contract" they are considered to be "furnished by Owner." Include reciprocal statements in referenced sections.

__ Related sections - Lists sections in the specifications which dealing with work directly related to this section. Use sparingly to avoid assuming the (general) contractor's responsibility for coordinating work. Do not reference Division 1 unless work is "by Owner" in which case reference Section 01010 - Summary of Work (Work Under Other Contracts or Owner -Furnished Items).

__ Allowances - List products and work included by cash allowances. Do not include cash amounts. Ensure that the language complements that employed in Section 01020 - Allowances.

__ Unit Prices - List products and work covered by unit prices together with the method employed for measuring quantities. Ensure that the language complements that employed in Section 01025 - Measurement and Payment.

__ Alternates/Alternatives - Indicate if certain products or work are an alternate bid. Do not attempt to assess the effect of project alternates on the work. Ensure that the language complements that employed in Section 01030 - Alternates/Alternatives.

Sections - Part 1: General

__ References - List all standards referenced in the section, compete with designations, titles, dates, revised dates. When appropriate (as with ASTM, ANSI, FS) provide complete citation her and follow with alphanumeric reference in later parts . This article does not require compliance with the referenced standards but merely lists them. Introduce preservation standards (such as the Secretary of Interior's Standards, here when no others exists. Ensure that the language complements that employed in Section 01090 - Reference Standards. Include list and address of all organizations in Division 1, not here.

__ Definitions - Define unusual terms not explained in the Conditions of the Contract and which are employed in unique ways normally not included in standard references. Check terminology of ASTM before providing "new" definitions or "clarifications." Reference source of definition. This may be required if existing terminology does not match vernacular or archaic language.

__ System Description - Restricted to describing performance of design requirements and tolerances of a complete system: the composite and operational properties necessary to link a complete system together or interface with other systems.
Sections - Part 1: General

__ Submittals - Requests for relevant data specific to the section. Section 01300 - Submittals includes administrative requirements pertaining to schedule, number of copies or quantities, format, identification, distribution, storage. Procedural requirements are covered in Section 01400 - Quality Control.

These may include:

_ Product Data
Shop Drawings
Field samples (refer to "Quality Assurance")
Mock-ups (refer to "Quality Assurance")
_ Quality control submittals
_ Design data
Test reports
_ Certificates
_ MSDS data
_ Manufacturer's instructions
_ Field reports.

__ Quality assurance - Contains prerequisites, standards, limitations, and criteria which establish and overall level of quality for products and work ("workmanship"). These may include:

_ Qualifications: designers (other than architect, engineer), manufacturers, fabricators, welders, installers, applicators of products or completed work.
_ Regulatory requirements
Sections - Part 1: General

_ Certificates
_ Field samples: examples of finishes, coating, finish materials
_ Mock-ups: full-size erected assemblies for review of construction, coordination of the work of several sections, testing, or operation.
_ Pre-Installation conference: Specifies conference to coordinate materials and techniques and to sequence related work. Relate to Section 01040 - Coordination and Section 01200 - Project Meetings.

__ Delivery, Storage and Handling.

_ Packing and shipping.
_ Acceptance at site: usually applies to Owner provided products such as those obtained through procurement contracts.
_ Storage and protection: supplements product protection stated in Section 01600 - Materials and Equipment.

__ Project/Site Conditions.

_ Environmental regulations: temperature, weather, humidity, ventilation, and illumination required for proper installation or application.
_ Existing conditions: references existing structures (HSRs) or geophysical reports. Coordinate with"Information Available to Bidders" and "Supplementary Conditions."
Sections - Part 1: General

_ Field Measurements: Address contractor's responsibility for obtaining correct field dimensions in standard General Conditions.

__ Sequencing and Scheduling - State requirements for coordinating special work with particular reference to the sequence or schedule of events. Coordinate with Section 01010 - Summary of Work and Section 01300 - Submittal Progress Schedules.

__ Warranty - Describes special or extended warranty or bond covering the conformance or performance of the work. Coordinate with conditions of the contract. Do not make statements which will limit or void those provisions. Ensure procedures complement Section 01700 - Contract Closeout (Warranties and Bonds).

__ Maintenance - List provisions for maintenance service as applicable to critical systems, equipment, facilities, landscaping. Service agreements, if not paid for in advance, should be separate from the construction agreement. List items to be furnished by the Contractor to the Owner for future maintenance or repair. This includes items that might be difficult to obtain because of match, or spare parts needed to ensure continued operation of critical equipment.

Sections - Part 1: General


_ items
_ quantities required
_ packaging, identification, labeling, dating
_ delivered to when, when, where.

Coordinate with Section 01700 - Contract Closeout and Section 01800 - Maintenance.

Sections - Part 2: Products

This Part includes information about systems, materials, manufactured units, equipment, components, and accessories, mixes, fabrication, and finishing prior to installation or incorporation into project.

Employs one or both of the following:

_ product specifications - "or (approved) equal"
_ "performance specifications"

This Part may also include products furnished for incorporation under other sections.

__ Manufacturers - Name, address, phone number of manufacturers capable of providing products specified in subsequent articles. May include brand names, model numbers, or other product designations. Coordinated with Section 01600 - Materials and Equipment as well as Instructions to Bidders.

__ Materials - Detailed statements describing materials which are generally processed from raw products. Typically a generic product or terminology employed throughout the contract document.

__ Manufactured Units - Standard catalog items by manufacturer's name.

__ Equipment - Function, operation, and other specific requirements of equipment.
Sections - Part 2: Products

__ Component - Description of specific components of a system, manufactured unit, or type of equipment.

__ Accessories - Secondary items which aid and assist primary products specified above or which are necessary for preparation and installation of those items. o not include basic options available for manufactured units and equipment.

__ Mixes - Proportions and procedures for mixing materials such as mortar, plaster, and concrete.

__ Fabrication - Includes items shop manufactured, fabricated, finished or assembled before they are delivered to site. State allowable tolerances or variations from specified requirements.

__ Source Quality Control - Tests and inspections at plant, mill, factory or shop. Refer to Section 014000 - Quality Control. State requirements for procedures and methods for verification of performance or compliance with specified criteria.

Sections - Part 3: Execution

This Part involves on-site labor and includes provisions for incorporating products into the project. The products incorporated may be specified in Part 2, or may be furnished under other sections.

__ Examination - Physically determining that the conditions are acceptable to receive the primary products of this section. Verification of conditions includes verifying the absence of defects or errors which would cause defective installation or application of products or cause latent deficiencies in workmanship or function.

__ Preparation - Actions to physically prepare the surface, area, or site. Includes protection of surrounding or adjacent materials, areas, or surfaces. Describes preparatory work prior to installation, application or erection of primary products.

__ Erection, Installation, Application - Includes products under this Section as well as other Sections. Reference manufacturer's instructions, where applicable. Considerations include:

_ Special techniques: special procedures for incorporating products.
_ Interface with other products: provides descriptions specific to compatibility and transition to other materials.
_ Tolerances: allowable variations and application thickness or from indicated locations.

__ Field Quality Control.

_ Tests and Inspection: Applicable to installed or completed work, not materials or products prior to installation or application. Coordinate with Section 01400 - Quality Control.
_ Manufacturer's Field Services: Requirements for on-site personnel for instruction, supervision of the installation/application of their products. Or start-up or demonstration. Field reports included under "Submittals." Coordinate with Section 01400 - Quality Control.

__ Adjusting and Cleaning - Coordinate with Section 01400

_ Contract Closeout, Section 01560 - Temporary Controls (Construction Cleaning).

__ Protection - Provisions for protecting installed work prior to acceptance by the Owner. General requirements may be included in Section 01500 - Construction Facilities and Temporary Controls.

__ Schedules - These are not technically part of the Execution but are incorporated into the Drawings.
Methods of Specifying

Descriptive Defines exact properties of materials and methods of installation without using proprietary names.

Performance Specifies the required results and the criteria by which the performance can be verified. The Contractor is free to find material complying with the performance criteria.

Reference Requires a product or process to
Standard be in accordance with an established standard (ASTM, etc.)

Proprietary Specifies actual brand names, model numbers, and other proprietary information. Also referred to as a product specification. May include an "or approved equal" clause.