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For each space, identify uses that are most compatible with
their interpretation and the preservation of their integrity.
To achieve this goal, each space and their collective ensemble
require documentation, assessment, facilities analysis, and
recommendations for preservation treatments developed as part
of a recommended Space Use and Facilities Management Plan.
The work proposed is not encompassed in the present PSNC Facilities
Management Plan (1999-2000; McGinley Hart).
The design and construction of interior spaces, chronicles
the original, and later, uses of a house, its varying parts
(or "zones"), individual rooms, and their relationship
to the original users and to those today. The integrity
and interpretation of each space, and their collective relationship,
is critical to each visitor's experience.
It should be recognized that the formulation of a Space Use
and Facilities Management Plan is a continuous process due to
the dynamic nature of Society programs. Revisions will inevitably
be required during the course of any plan, process or related
policy. As a result, the management of Society space and the
reallocation of facilities must respond to new requirements,
issues and opportunities but at the same time maintain the vision
of the Society's long-term objectives.
Racine. Laurel. On the Inside Looking Out Guidelines
for the Treatment of Historic Furnished Interiors, CRM,
vol. 9, 200, National Park Service. [Download PDF format file.]
A historic furnished interior is a collection of architectural
features, finishes, and site-associated or site-appropriate
furnishings organized in space inside a historic building.
As an assemblage, these features often share a common history
of ownership and use at the site. Historic furnished interiors
encompass private homes, work spaces, and public spaces. Historic
furnished interiors can provide particularly powerful and
evocative interpretive experiences as the spaces where significant
historical events took place.
Historic furnished interiors are linked to time. A restored
or reconstructed historic furnished interior depicts the building's
period of greatest significance. A preserved historic furnished
interior depicts the accumulation of changes over a specific
time period. In practice, however, it is very unusual to find
a historic furnished interior that is "pure" to
any one treatment.
For the purposes of these standards and guidelines, historic
furnished interiors are narrowly defined. Historic furnished
interiors must be associated with a specific place and time.
As defined here, period rooms in an art museum or historic
house are not historic furnished interiors. These treatments
are no less important or educational than the historic furnished
interior. In fact, the process of research and implementation
for these installations can be very similar, but they are
not subject to the same constraints of place and time when
choosing a treatment.
A character-defining feature is a prominent or distinctive
tangible object in a historic furnished interior that contributes
significantly to its physical character. Interior architectural
features, finishes, furnishings, and the visual components
of mechanical systems may be such features.
Interior spaces are defined by interior architectural features
(e.g., ceilings, floors, walls). The arrangement, sequence,
size, and proportion of interior spaces are individually
and collectively important in defining the historic character
of a building. Interiors are comprised of a series of public,
private, and service spaces. Understanding the function,
size, and location of a building's interior spaces is essential
to a successful treatment.
As defined in the guidelines, whether a designed or vernacular
historic interior, "interior design" encompasses
all aspects of an interior except for the structural architectural
features. These aspects include color, material, texture,
pattern, and spatial organization. Spatial organization
describes how the objects relate to circulation patterns,
architectural features, and other objects. The relationship
between the size and scale of furnishings and the room in
which they exist can be a character-defining feature. In
the case of some residential and commercial interiors, the
arrangement of furnishings may be important in its own right
as the work of a well-known craftsman, architect/designer,
The design and treatment of walls, floors, ceilings, windows,
and stairways contribute to the significance and historic
character of an interior. Among the architectural features
to consider are columns, cornices, baseboards, fireplaces
and mantels, paneling, hardware, and light fixtures.
Finishes to consider are wallpaper, plaster, paint, stenciling,
marbling, graining, and other decorative treatments that
accent interior features. These finishes provide color,
texture, and pattern to walls, floors, and ceilings.
Architectural features and finishes may be significant
as works of art-the product of an important craftsman or
a frescoed wall or painted ceiling by an important artist.
A historic furnished interior is also defined by its contents.
Each object can be considered on its own merits in terms
of form, ornament, color, materials, craftsmanship, function,
style, date, attribution, ownership history, and condition.
Some furnishings may be important as works of art-the products
of master or traditional craftsmen or the works of well-known
artists. The dynamic nature of furnishings and interior
design should be kept in mind at all times. Throughout their
history, furnishings could have been altered, re-arranged,
re-designed, and functionally re-defined. The assemblage
of collection objects must be considered as a whole: How
was the assemblage created? How were the objects manufactured
or adapted for use? Is there one style or a range of styles?
A comparison of the ensemble to that in other similar historic
interiors provides the basis for defining the significance
of the assemblage as
The existence and practical use of mechanical systems influence
some structural and decorative decisions. The visible decorative
elements of historic mechanical systems such as grilles,
radiators, lighting fixtures, and switchplates may contribute
to the overall historic character of the furnished interior.