As with probate records, land records have their own and completely
different language. Probably the three most common terms you will
hear, talk or read about are the terms of grantor, grantee and
conveyance, or deed.
Quite simply, a grantor is the seller. A grantee
is the buyer and a conveyance is simply a deed - a legal
document transferring ownership from one person to another.
In addition, there a several types of deeds which exist but as
far as this discussion is concerned, we simply mention warranty
and quitclaim deeds.
- A quitclaim deed is the document in which the owner
releases all right, interest or claim on a piece of real property
without offering any kind of warranty - as below.
- A warranty deed basically states that the grantor,
the seller, guarantees that the property is owned by him or
her completely free and clear. If a lawsuit later develops against
ownership claims on this property, than the seller, or his heirs,
can be sued.
For genealogical purposes, we like warranty deeds. Much can be
gained, if and when, lawsuits develop and the resulting heirs
and their relationship to the grantor is mentioned.
Deeds, Mortgages, Grantor and Grantee Indexes, Massachusetts
Mills, Elizabeth Shown. Analyzing
Deeds for Useful Clues, OnBoard
- Newsletter of the BCG, Volume 1, Number 1, January 1995.
Dollarhide, William. Retracing
the Trails of Your Ancestors Using Deed Records. Genealogy
Bulletin, Issue No. 25, Jan-Feb 1995. (At RCN