Preservation > Use

  • Uses and Significance
  • Uses and Stewardship

Carrying Capacity

set, enforce, and monitor carrying capacities to limit public visitation to, or use of, cultural resources that would be subject to adverse effects from unrestricted levels of visitation or use.


analyzing existing visitor use of, and related impacts

prescribing indicators and specific standards for acceptable and sustainable visitor use

identifying ways to address and monitor unacceptable impacts resulting from overuse.

Chapter 5: Cultural Resource Management, 5.3 Stewardship, 5.3.2 Physical Access for Persons with Disabilities, 2001 NPS Management Policies, National Park Service

will provide persons with disabilities the highest feasible level of physical access to historic properties that is reasonable, consistent with the preservation of each property’s significant historical features. Access modifications for persons with disabilities will be designed and installed to least affect the features of a property that contribute to its significance. Modifications to some features may be acceptable in providing access, once a review of options for the highest level of access has been completed. However, if it is determined that modification of particular features would impair a property’s integrity and character in terms of the Advisory Council’s regulations at 36 CFR 800. 9, such modifications will not be made. To the extent possible, modifications for access will benefit the greatest number of visitors, staff, and the public, and be integrated with, or in proximity to, the primary path of travel for entrances and from parking areas. In situations where access modifications cannot be made, alternative methods of achieving program access will be adopted.




  1. Archives
  2. Bathrooms
  3. Custodial
  4. Exhibit (Guided Tour)
  5. Exhibit (Self-Guided Tour)
  6. Exhibit - Gallery (Rotating)
  7. Exhibit - Preparation
  8. Food Services
  9. Gardens
  10. Guides
  11. Laboratory
  12. Offices - Administrative
  13. Offices - Research
  14. Public Events
  15. Residence - Caretaker
  16. Residence - Non-Caretaker
  17. Rest Room
  18. Retail - Museum Shop
  19. Storage - Collection
  20. Storage - Museum Shop
  21. Storage - Non-Collection
  22. Storage – Other
  23. Workshop


The types of management actions required for the preservation of park resources;
* The types and general intensities of development (including visitor circulation and transportation patterns, systems, and modes) associated with public enjoyment and use of the area, including general locations, timing of implementation, and anticipated costs;
* Visitor carrying capacities, and implementation commitments, for all areas of the park; and
* Potential modifications to the external boundaries of the park— if any— and the reasons for the proposed changes.

Management Zoning
Each park’s GMP will include a map that delineates zones or districts that correspond to management prescriptions. This delineation of management prescriptions is called management zoning. Most parks will have several different prescriptions for resource condition, visitor experience, and appropriate management activities to reflect the suitability of specific areas for those uses. For example, highly sensitive natural areas might tolerate little, if any, visitor use, while other areas may accommodate much higher levels of use. Even in historic structures, one floor might be most appropriate for exhibits, while another could accommodate offices or administrative uses. Some prescriptions may apply parkwide, but the delineation of management zones will illustrate where there are differences in intended resource conditions, visitor experience, and management activity.

Exhibit: Changing
Designed and designated for changing exhibit of items selected by the Curaotrial Departement, researched and interpreted, conserved for preservation and exhibit, together with interpretation through publications, graphic displays, and associated presentations.

(example: costume exhibit)

Museum Systems
Rotating exhibition space:
Storage: collection objects
A defined area for working collection pieces (example: blueprint drawers, conservation lab)

Climate controlled storage of collection material: an area designed and maintained for the purpose of storing delicate collection pieces (example: 424 archive room)

Storage: non-collection material:
Areas designated for general storage (example: gift shop storage)

Lectures and demonstration
designated areas that won’t hinder the long-term exhibition space (example: Rosecliff ballroom)
Special events: designated areas for paid events (example: Rosecliff ballroom, Marble House Teahouse)

Adaptive use of areas for the purpose of retail space

areas off limit to the general public (example: 424, employee lounges)

adaptive re-use of non-public areas (example: wood shop, conservation)

Working exhibition: areas utilized for their intended purpose (example: greenhouse)

Caretakers’ apartments: museum space modernized into living quarters

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