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Architectural Drawings

 

Definition

Architectural Documents: Any medium that refers to or depicts architectural works, structures, parts of structures, or designs, whether built or unbuilt. Included are textual documents such as specifications and letters; graphic documents such as drawings, prints, and photographs; models; and any other visual media that concern any portion of the built or unbuilt environment. Subjects may include not only architectural works, but also related subjects such as furniture, engineering designs, naval architecture, textiles, architectural ornaments, paper architecture, studies, landscape designs, and stage designs.

Glossary, A Guide to the Description of Architectural Drawings, Getty Standards and Digital Resource Management Program, J. Paul Getty Trust

Standards

Field Work and Measured Drawings

Patterson, Robert M., P.Eng. Manual for the Preparation of As Found Drawings,Technical Paper Series 3, British Columbia Heritage Trust, August 1982. This publication is a brief explanation of techniques for field recording.

Recording Historic Structures and Sites with HABS Measured Drawings, Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER), NPS, Washington, D.C., 1993, 75 pages, 61 illustrations. This is a detailed, illustrated explanation of field techniques for measured drawing to HABS Level I standards.

Recording Historic Structures and Sites for the Historic American Engineering Record. HABS/HAER, National Park Service, Washington, D.C., 1996, 242 pages, 146 illustrations.

Built in America, Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER), Prints and Photographs Division of the Library of Congress. Examples of architecural drawings completed to HABS/HAER standards.

CAD Drawings

Autodesk® Architectural Desktop and AutoCAD 2002, Autodesk, Inc.
Recommended software for the development of drawings for collections management, planning, budgeting, and project development. CAD Layer Guidelines, second edition.

"The AIA’s CAD-layer naming protocol is the result of an interdisciplinary collaboration to make it possible for all members of the design and construction team to find the graphic information they need quickly among the hundreds of CAD-drawing layers for structure, plumbing, wiring, ductwork, ceiling, flooring, et al.

"The second edition expands layer designations for remodeling projects; provides a single format instead of the original long and short formats; accommodates interior design, telecommunications, and other fields; adds guidelines for using reference files; simplifies the methods for indicating drawing annotation; defines CAD layers for product information from manufacturers; and coordinates the CAD Layer Guidelines with the National CADD Standard from the National Institute of Building Sciences, the Uniform Drawing System from the Construction Specifications Institute, layer standards from the U.S. Department of Defense Tri-Service CADD/GIS Technology Center, and new international CAD layer standards."

HABS/HAER Guidelines for Recording Historic Sites and Structures using Computer-Aided Drafting (CAD)

These guidelines address the application of the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Architectural and Engineering Documentation to the use of computer-aided drafting (CAD) software in the production of two-dimensional HABS/HAER measured drawings.  This document is intended as an ADDENDUM to Recording Structures and Sites with HABS Measured Drawings (hereafter referred to as the HABS Guidelines) and Recording Historic Structures and Sites for the Historic American Engineering Record (hereafter referred to as the HAER Guidelines).  Reference should be made to the HABS and HAER Guidelines for any issues not addressed in this document.

Recording Historic Sites and Structures Using Computer-aided Drafting (CAD). [File, in PDF format.] HABS/HAER, National Park Service, Washington, D.C., 2000, 2 pages. No cost.

Addresses the application of the Secretary of the Interior's Standards and Guidelines for Architectural and Engineering Documentation to the use of computer-aided drafting (CAD) software in the production of two-dimensional HABS/HAER measured drawings.

CADD Primer, Mailmax Publishing, New York

CADD PRIMER is a beginner's reference book on computer aided design and drafting. A major portion of this book is free. You can download more than 70 pages of useful information that describe CAD terms, principles and applications. 

Resources

Built in America, Library of Congress.

Database of Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Historic American Engineering Record (HAER), NPS, surveys. This database of past HABS/HAER documentation provides examples of sites recorded to HABS Level I standard.

Transmitting HABS/HAER Documentation. HABS/HAER, National Park Service, Washington, D.C., 1985, 131 pages, $5.00 Provides transmittal procedures and archival requirements of documentation for acceptance to the HABS/HAER Collections. [Not on line.]

A Guide to the Description of Architectural Drawings, Architectural Drawing Advisory Group (ADAG), Foundation for Documents of Architecture, Getty Standards and Digital Resource Management Program, J. Paul Getty Trust.

A product of a collaboration between the Getty Art History Information Program (AHIP) the Architectural Drawing Advisory Group (an international consortium), and the Foundation for Documents of Architecture (a non-profit corporation). ADAG concentrated its efforts on providing guidelines, and sometimes conventions, in these relatively neglected areas. Categories for the description of architectural drawings, including: subject/built works, people/corporate bodies, geographic locations, and bibliographic sources. The Guide is not definitive, but is meant to be a step toward cataloguing standards. Although principally concerned with architectural drawings, many of these guidelines may be applied to—and at times specifically address—related materials, including models, prints, and photographs.

Architectural Records Conference Report, held May 3 through 5, 2000. Philadelphia, PA, Conservation Center for Art and Historic Artifacts (CCAHA).

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