Standards > Charters

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  Bell, D. Guide to International Conservation Charters - Technical Advice Note 8 Brings together for the first time and analyses over 70 national and international statements of conservation principles in an attempt to provide a basis for a better informed approach to building conservation work in Scotland and elsewhere. 296x210 mm, 88pp, illustrated with black and white line drawings ISBN 1900168243 9.95. Historic Scotland [As Web site has frames, to order: go to Historic Scotland, click on "Publications" enter "Bell" or "Charters" as keyword.
 

Rhyne, Charles S. The First International Document for Diverse Cultural Values in Conservation: "The Document of Nara" A paper presented at the Annual Meeting of American Institute for the Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works St. Paul, Minnesota 7th June 1995

Sources

Chronological List

19th Century

1877 The Principles of the Society for the Protection of Ancient Buildings as Set Forth Upon its Foundation in 1877 (The SPAB Manifesto)
http://www.spab.org.uk/whatis_manifesto.html

1904

1904 The Preservation & Restoration of Architectural Monuments; Madrid

1930s

1931 The Athens Charter for the Restoration of Historic Monuments
http://www.icomos.org/athens_charter.html
full text with links to ICOMOS

1932 Italian Norms for the Restoration of Monuments; Italy

1935 Protection of Artistic and Scientific Institutions and Historic Monuments, 15 April 1935
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/www/roerich.html

1950s

1954 Convention For the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict, The Hague Convention, 14 May 1954
http://www.icomos.org/hague/hague.convention.html

1954 European Cultural Convention, 19 December 1954
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/www/bh312.html

1956 Recommendation on International Principles Applicable to Archaeological Excavations
http://www.icomos.org/unesco/delhi56.html

1962

1962 Recommendation Concerning the Safeguarding of the Beauty and Character of Landscapes and Sites, UNESCO
http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/landscapes/html_eng/page1.shtml

1964

1964 The Venice Charter: International Charter for the Conservation and Restoration ofMonuments and Sites
http://www.icomos.org/venice_charter.html

1967

1967 The Norms of Quito
http://www.icomos.org/docs/quito67.html

1968

1968 Recommendation Concerning the Preservation of Cultural Property Endangered by Public or Private Works. UNESCO
http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/works/html_eng/page1.shtml

1969

1969 European Convention on the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage (6 May 1969)
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/www/europe_arch69.html
Note: This Convention has been replaced by the [Revised] European Convention for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage of Europe of 16 January 1992.
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/www/europe_arch69.html

1970

1970 Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property (14 Nov 70)
http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/1970/html_eng/page1.shtml

1972

1972 Budapest Resolution on the Introduction of Contemporary Architecture into Ancient Groups of Buildings; Budapest

1972 Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage (16 Nov 72)
http://www.unesco.org/whc/nwhc/pages/doc/dc_f2.htm
World Heritage

1972 Recommendation Concerning the Protection, at National Level, of the Cultural and Natural Heritage, UNESCO
http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/national/html_eng/page1.shtml

1975

1975 The Declaration of Amsterdam
http://www.icomos.org/docs/amsterdam.html

Rothenburg Resolution on the Conservation of Smaller Historic Towns; Germany

1975 European Charter of the Architectural Heritage
http://www.icomos.org/docs/euroch_e.html
full text with links to European Cultural Conservation

1976

1976 Convention on the Protection of the Archeological, Historical, and Artistic Heritage of the American Nations (Convention of San Salvador) (16 Jun 76)
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/texts/BH686.txt

1976 Recommendation Concerning the Safeguarding and Contemporary Role of Historic Areas, UNESCO, Nairobi
http://www.unesco.org/culture/laws/historic/html_eng/page1.shtml

1980

1980 The Lahore Charter, UNESCO
Draft developed at the Conservation of Islamic Architectural Heritage, International Symposium in Lahore organised by UNESCO and the Government of Pakistan. Not on Web.

1981

1981The Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance
(the Burra Charter)
http://www.icomos.org/docs/burra_charter.html

1981 The Florence Charter
http://www.icomos.org/florence_charter.html
full text with links to the Venice Charter

1982

1982 The Declaration of Dresden
http://www.icomos.org/docs/dresden.html
full text

1982 Charter for the Preservation of Quebec's Heritage: Deschambault Declaration
http://www.icomos.org/docs/desch_anglais.html

1982 The Tlaxcala Declaration on the Revitalization of Smaller Settlements
http://www.icomos.org/docs/tlaxcala.html

1982 Declaration of Tlaxcala
http://www.icomos.org/docs/tlaxcala.html

The Declaration of Dresden; Dresden

1983

1983 Appleton Charter for the Protection and Enhancement of the Built Environment
http://www.icomos.org/canada/appleton_charter.html
Published by ICOMOS Canada under the auspices of the English-Speaking Committee, Ottawa, Canada, August 1983

1985

European Convention on Offences Relating to Cultural Property (text version) (23 June 85)
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/www/bh863.html

1985 Convention for the Protection of the Architectural Heritage of Europe — Convention pour la Sauvegarde du Patrimoine Architectural de l'Europe (3 Oct 85)
http://conventions.coe.int/Treaty/EN/Treaties/Html/121.htm

1987

1987 ICOMOS Charter: The Conservation of Historic Towns and Urban Areas (Washington Charter)
http://www.icomos.org/towns_charter.html

1987 The First Brazilian Seminar About the Preservation and Revitalization of Historic Centers
http://www.icomos.org/docs/itaipava.html

1988

1988 Revised The Australia ICOMOS Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Significance (The Burra Charter) Revised in 1999 and now refered to as the Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999
http://www.icomos.org/australia/burra.html

1989

1989 National Charter for the Conservation and Preservation of Cultural Property (draft); Lahore, Pakistan

1990

1990 ICOMOS Charter: for the Protection and Management of the Archaeological Heritage
http://www.icomos.org/archaeological_charter.html#Art2

1990 Archaeological Heritage Management
http://www.icomos.org/archaeological_charter.html

1990 New Orleans Charter for the Joint Preservation of Historic Structures and Artifacts, APT / AIC
http://www.apti.org/MusHistBldgs/N_O_Charter.htm
http://palimpsest.stanford.edu/bytopic/ethics/neworlea.html

1991

1991 Bergen Protocol on Communications and Relations Among Cities of the Organization of World Heritage Cities (OWHC), Bergen
http://www.ovpm.org/grandsd/protberf.asp

1991 Québec City Declaration
http://www.ovpm.org/grandsd/dec-quef.asp

1991 The York Charter for Reconstruction After War
http://archive.epreservation.net/education/standards/york1991.html

1992

1992 European Convention for the Protection of the Archaeological Heritage of Europe (Revised) (16 Jan 92)
http://fletcher.tufts.edu/multi/www/bh997.html

1992 ICOMOS New Zealand: Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Heritage Value
http://www.icomos.org/nz_92charter.html

1992 US/ICOMOS A Preservation Charter for the Historic Towns and Areas of the United States of America
http://www.icomos.org/usicomos/us_towns_charter.html

1992 Cultural Heritage (Benda Cagar Budaya), Government of the Republic of Indonesia Law No. 5, 1992

1992 Charter of Courmayeur
http://www.icomos.org/unesco/courmayeur.html

1993

1993 Declaration of Oaxaca
http://www.unesco.org/general/fre/legal/cltheritage/oaxaca.html

1993 The Fez Charter adopted by the Founding General Assembly of the Organization of World Heritage Cities
http://www.ovpm.org/grandsd/chartef.asp

1993 Guidelines for Education and Training in the Conservation of Monuments, Ensembles and Sites
http://www.icomos.org/guidelines_for_education.html

1994

1994 Charter for Cultural Tourism
http://www.icomos.org/docs/tourism_charter.html

1994 Buenos Aires Draft Convention on the Protection of the Underwater Cultural Heritage (August 1994)
http://www.gdansk.sprint.pl/firmy/jastra/nurek/badcpuch.htm

1994 The Nara Document on Authenticity (Nara Conference on Authenticity in Relation to the World Heritage Convention, held at Nara, Japan, from 1-6 November 1994)
http://www.international.icomos.org/naradoc_eng.htm

1994 Resolution on Information as an Instrument for Protection Against War Damages to the Cultural Heritage, UNESCO
http://www.icomos.org/unesco/1994-information-resolution.html
This has links to Hague Convention and World Heritage Convention

1995

1995 Secretary for the Interior's Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties
http://www2.cr.nps.gov/tps/secstan1.htm
the official NPS site for the standards for preservation, rehabilitation, restoration and reconstruction.
Electronic Rehab: an interactive web class on the Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation
http://www2.cr.nps.gov/e-rehab/

1995 Unidroit Convention on Stolen or Illegally Exported Cultural Objects (24 June 1995)
http://www.tufts.edu/departments/fletcher/multi/texts/
uni-cultural-obj.txt

Paper by Marina Schneider, Unidroit Research Officer, delivered at London Conference on Art Theft, November 1995.

1996

1996 NATO -Partnership for Peace (PfP) Conference on Cultural Heritage Protection in Wartime and in State Emergency, Cracow, 18-21 June 1996.
http://www.icomos.org/blueshield/krakowna.html
this site goes along with the one above, this has links to NATO- Partnership for Peace

1996 ICOMOS Charter on the Protection and Management of Underwater Cultural Heritage
http://www.international.icomos.org/icomos/under_e.htm
archeology, documentation, conservation management and maintenance are all discussed.

1996 Declaration of San Antonio at the InterAmerican Symposium on Authenticity in the Conservationa and Management of the Cultural Heritage
http://www.icomos.org/docs/san_antonio.html

1996 Charter for the Conservation of Places of Cultural Heritage Value (New Zealand Charter), ICOMOS New Zealand
http://www.icomos.org/docs/nz_92charter.html

1996 Principles for the Recording of Monuments, Groups of Buildings and Sites; Bulgaria

1997

1997 Evora Appeal in favour of tourism development geared to safeguarding the vitality and character of historic cities, September 20, 1997
http://www.ovpm.org/grandsd/appel.asp

1997 Declaration of Quebec
http://www.unesco.org/culture/forum/html_eng/canada.shtml
The 2nd Forum UNESCO University and Heritage Seminar organized in Quebec by Universite Laval, altogether decide to consolidate the Forum UNESCO network created in Valencia, in 1996.

1997 Frederick Charter
http://www.ptn.org/about-ptn/ptn-charter.htm
introduced at the first International Preservation Trades Workshop (IPTW 97) held November 5-7, 1997 in Frederick, Maryland. It being resolved and moved by the consent and affirmation of the participants of IPTW 97 that a charter of purpose be established in support of the Preservation Trades Network (PTN)

1999

Australia ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999
http://www.icomos.org/australia/burra.html

1999 International Cultural Tourism charter: Managing Tourism at Places of Heritage Significance, Mexico, October 1999
http://www.icomos.org/tourism/charter.html

1999 Principles for the Preservation of Historic Timber Structures
http://www.icomos.org/iiwc/charter.html.en

1999 Charter on the Built Vernacular Heritage
http://www.international.icomos.org/vernac-eng.htm

1999 Declaration of ICOMOS, marking the 50th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Stockholm, Sweden
http://www.international.icomos.org/e_stocdec.htm

2000

2000 Riga Charter on Authenticity and Historical Reconstruction in Relationship to Cultural Heritage; Latvia

2000 Safeguarding Historic Urban Ensembles in a Time of Change: A Management Guide; Quebec

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