"Ethnographic resources are basic expressions of human
culture and the basis for continuity of cultural systems. A
cultural system encompasses both the tangible and the intangible.
It includes traditional arts and native languages, religious
beliefs and subsistence activities. Some of these traditions
are supported by ethnographic resources: special places in the
natural world, structures with historic associations, and natural
materials. An ethnographic resource might be a riverbank used
as a Pueblo ceremonial site or a schoolhouse associated with
Hispanic education, sea grass needed to make baskets in an African-American
tradition or a 19th-century sample of carved ivory from Alaska.
Management of ethnographic resources acknowledges that culturally
diverse groups have their own ways of viewing the world and
a right to maintain their traditions."
ethnographic resources are not limited to things
commonly thought of as cultural resources, nor are ethnographic
associations limited to past people and events. For ethnographic
resources, associations are links to living traditions."
1: Fundamental Concepts of Cultural Resource Management,
B. Types of Cultural Resources, 2. and C. The Nature of Cultural
Resources, 2. Associations, NPS Resource Types, NPS-28:
Cultural Resource Management Guideline, National Park