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National Environmental Policy Act (1969), U.S. Department of Energy
• Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
• National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)

National Environmental Policy Act (1969)

(42 U.S.C. 4321-4347)
Title 42, Chapter 55
Sec. 4321, Congressional Declaration of Purpose

The purposes of this chapter are: To declare a national policy which will encourage productive and enjoyable harmony between man and his environment; to promote efforts which will prevent or eliminate damage to the environment and biosphere and stimulate the health and welfare of man; to enrich the understanding of the ecological systems and natural resources important to the Nation; and to establish a Council on Environmental Quality.


Requires federal agencies to consider the effects of all actions on the environment, consider alternatives that reduce impacts, and prepare detailed statements for public and federal agency review where significant impacts may occur.

Agencies are required to solicit and respond to comments from the public, affected interests, and relevant government agencies on the effects of proposed actions before and after environmental documentation is developed. Documentation consists of an Environmental Assessment (EA) or an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).


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