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National Environmental Policy Act of 1969
Source: Historical Survey of U.S. Preservation Legislation, MATRIX, Indiana University Bloomington

A. Another major federal law, NEPA required that all major federal impacts be evaluated for their potential impacts on environmental, historical, and archaeological resources. The threshold for evaluation is MFASAQHE, or "major federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment"; such projects require an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS).

B. The Draft EIS must be circulated to appropriate agencies, local governments, Indian tribes, and the public. It includes a description of the various project alternatives and their impacts. Comments on the Draft EIS are taken into account and a Final EIS is prepared. The FEIS is considered by the decision-making authority and once a decision is made, a Record of Decision is published, including a description of what the agency intends to do about mitigating impacts.

C. Archaeological impacts must be considered during the EIS process and the agency must comply with other relevant legislation, including NHPA.

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