By virtue of the authority vested in me as President of the United
States and in furtherance of the purposes and policies of the
National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 (83 Stat. 852, 42 U.S.C.
4321 et seq.), the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966
(80 Stat. 915, 16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.), the Historic Sites Act
of 1935 (49 Stat. 666, 16 U.S.C. 461 et seq.), and the Antiquities
Act of 1906 (34 Stat. 225. 16 U.S.C. 431 et seq.), it is ordered
(a) no later than July 1, 1973, with the advice of the Secretary
of the Interior, and in cooperation with the liaison officer
for historic preservation for the State or territory involved,
locate, inventory, and nominate to the Secretary of the Interior
all sites, buildings, districts, and objects under their jurisdiction
or control that appear to qualify for listing on the National
Register of Historic Places.
(b) exercise caution during the interim period until inventories
and evaluations required by subsection (a) are completed to
assure that any federally owned property that might qualify
for nomination is not inadvertently transferred, sold, demolished
or substantially altered. The agency bead shall refer any questionable
actions to the Secretary of the Interior for an opinion respecting
the property's eligibility for inclusion on the National Register
of Historic Places. The Secretary shall consult with the liaison
officer for historic preservation for the State or territory
involved in arriving at his opinion. Where, after a reasonable
period in which to review and evaluate the property, the Secretary
determines that the property is likely to meet the criteria
prescribed for listing on the National Register of Historic
Places, the Federal agency head shall reconsider the proposal
in light of national environmental and preservation policy.
Where, after such reconsideration, the Federal agency head proposes
to transfer, sell, demolish or substantially alter the property
he shall not act with respect to the property until the Advisory
Council on Historic Preservation shall have been provided an
opportunity to comment on the proposal.
(c) initiate measures to assure that where as a result of Federal
action or assistance a property listed on the National Register
of Historic Places is to be substantially altered or demolished,
timely steps be taken to make or have made records, including
measured drawings, photographs and maps, of the property, and
that copy of such records then be deposited in the Library of
Congress as part of the Historic American Buildings Survey or
Historic American Engineering Record for future use and reference.
Agencies may call on the Department of the Interior for advice
and technical assistance in the completion of the above records.
(d) initiate measures and procedures to provide for the maintenance,
through preservation, rehabilitation, or restoration, of federally
owned and registered sites at professional standards prescribed
by the Secretary of the Interior.
(e) submit procedures required pursuant to subsection (d) to
the Secretary of the Interior and to the Advisory Council on
Historic Preservation no later than January 1, 1972, and annually
thereafter, for review and comment.
(f) cooperate with purchasers and transferees of a property
listed on the National Register of Historic Places in the development
of viable plans to use such property in a manner compatible
with preservation objectives and which does not result in an
unreasonable economic burden to public or private interests.
Sec. 3. Responsibilities of the Secretary of the Interior.
The Secretary of the Interior shall:
(a) encourage State and local historic preservation officials
to evaluate and survey federally owned historic properties and,
where appropriate, to nominate such properties for listing on
the National Register of Historic Places.
(b) develop criteria and procedures to be applied by Federal
agencies in the reviews and nominations required by section
2 (a). Such criteria and procedures shall be developed in consultation
with the affected agencies.
(c) expedite action upon nominations to the National Register
of Historic Places concerning federally owned properties proposed
for sale, transfer, demolition or substantial alteration.
(d) encourage State and Territorial liaison officers for historic
preservation to furnish information upon request to Federal
agencies regarding their properties which have been evaluated
with respect to historic, architectural or archaeological significance
and which as a result of such evaluations have not been found
suitable for listing on the National Register of Historic Places.
(e) develop and make available to Federal agencies and State
and local governments information concerning professional methods
and techniques for preserving, improving, restoring and maintaining
(f) advise Federal agencies in the evaluation, identification,
preservation, improvement, restoration and maintenance of historic
(g) review and evaluate the plans of transferees of surplus
Federal properties transferred for historic monument purposes
to assure that the historic character of such properties is
preserved in rehabilitation, restoration, improvement, maintenance
and repair of such properties.
(h) review and comment upon Federal agency procedures submitted
pursuant to section 2 (e) of this order.
THE WHITE HOUSE
May 6, 1971.