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Executive Order 12072
Federal Space Management
August 16, 1978
By the authority vested in me as President of the United States
of America by Section 205(a) of the Federal Property and Administrative
Services Act of 1949, as amended (40 U.S.C. 486(a)), and in order
to prescribe appropriate policies and directives, not inconsistent
with that Act and other applicable provisions of law, for the
planning, acquisition, utilization, and management of Federal
space facilities, it is hereby ordered as follows:
1-1. Space Acquisition.
1-101. Federal facilities and Federal use of space in urban
areas shall serve to strengthen the Nation's cities and to make
them attractive places to live and work. Such Federal space
shall conserve existing urban resources and encourage the development
and redevelopment of cities.
1-102. Procedures for meeting space needs in urban areas shall
give serious consideration to the impact a site selection will
have on improving the social, economic, environmental, and cultural
conditions of the communities in the urban area.
1-103. Except where such selection is otherwise prohibited,
the process for meeting Federal space needs in urban areas shall
give first consideration to a centralized community business
area and adjacent areas of similar character, including other
specific areas which may be recommended by local officials.
1-104. The process of meeting Federal space needs in urban
areas shall be consistent with the policies of this Order and
shall include consideration of the following criteria:
(a) Compatability of the site with State, regional, or local
development, redevelopment, or conservation objectives.
(b) Conformity with the activities and programs of other Federal
(c) Impact on economic development and employment opportunities
in the urban area, including the utilization of human, natural,
cultural, and community resources.
(d) Availability of adequate low and moderate income housing
for Federal employees and their families on a nondiscriminatory
(e) Availability of adequate public transportation and parking
and accessibility to the public.
1-105. Procedures for meeting space needs in urban areas shall
be consistent with the policies of this Order and shall include
consideration of the following alternatives:
(a) Availability of existing Federally controlled facilities.
(b) Utilization of buildings of historic, architectural, or
cultural significance within the meaning of section 105 of
the Public Buildings Cooperative Use Act of 1976 (90 Stat.
2507, 40 U.S.C. 612a).
(c) Acquisition or utilization of existing privately owned
(d) Construction of new facilities.
(e) Opportunities for locating cultural, educational, recreational,
or commercial activities within the proposed facility.
1-106. Site selection and space assignments shall take into
account the management needs for consolidation of agencies or
activities in common or adjacent space in order to improve administration
and management and effect economies.
1-2. Administrator of General Services.
1-201. The Administrator of General Services shall develop
programs to implement the policies of this Order through the
efficient acquisition and utilization of Federally owned and
leased space. In particular, the Administrator shall:
(a) Select, acquire, and manage Federal space in a manner
which will foster the policies and programs of the Federal
government and improve the management and administration of
(b) Issue regulations, standards, and criteria for the selection,
acquisition, and management of Federally owned and leased
(c) Periodically undertake surveys of space requirements and
space utilization in the Executive agencies.
(d) Ensure, in cooperation with the heads of Executive agencies,
that their essential space requirements are met in a manner
that is economically feasible and prudent.
(e) Make maximum use of existing Federally controlled facilities
which, in his judgment, are adequate or economically adaptable
to meeting the space needs of Executive agencies.
(f) Annually submit long-range plans and programs for the
acquisition, modernization, and use of space for approval
by the President.
1-202. The Administrator is authorized to request from any
Executive agency such information and assistance deemed necessary
to carry out his functions under this Order. Each agency shall,
to the extent not prohibited by law, furnish such information
and assistance to the Administrator.
1-203. In the process of meeting Federal space needs in urban
areas and implementing the policies of this Order, the Administrator
(a) Consider the efficient performance of the missions and
programs of the agencies, the nature and function of the facilities
involved, the convenience of the public served, and the maintenance
and improvement of safe and healthful working conditions for
(b) Coordinate proposed programs and plans for facilities
and space with the Director of the Office of Management and
(c) Consult with appropriate Federal, State, regional, and
local government officials and consider their recommendations
for and objections to a proposed selection site or space acquisition.
(d) Coordinate proposed programs and plans for facilities
and space in a manner designed to implement the purposes of
(e) Prior to making a final determination concerning the location
of Federal facilities, notify the concerned Executive agency
of an intended course of action and take into account any
additional information provided.
1-204. In ascertaining the social, economic, environmental
and other impacts which site selection would have on a community,
the Administrator shall, when appropriate, obtain the advice
of interested agencies.
1-3. General Provisions.
1-301. The heads of Executive agencies shall cooperate with
the Administrator in implementing the policies of this Order
and shall economize on their use of space. They shall ensure
that the Administrator is given early notice of new or changing
missions or organizational realignments which affect space requirements.
1-302. Executive agencies which acquire or utilize Federally
owned or leased space under authority other than the Federal
Property and Administrative Services Act of 1949, as amended,
shall conform to the provisions of this Order to the extent
they have the authority to do so.
1-303. Executive Order No. 11512 of February 27, 1970, is revoked.
THE WHITE HOUSE,
August 16, 1978.