Executive Order 13006
Locating Federal Facilities on Historic Properties in Our Nation's
May 21, 1996
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution
and the laws of the United States of America, including the National
Historic Preservation Act (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.) and the Public
Buildings Cooperative Use Act of 1976 (90 Stat. 2505), and in
furtherance of and consistent with Executive Order No. 12072 of
August 16, 1978, and Executive Order No. 11593 of May 13, 1971,
it is hereby ordered as follows:
Section 1. Statement of Policy.
Through the Administration's community empowerment initiatives,
the Federal Government has undertaken various efforts to revitalize
our central cities, which have historically served as the centers
for growth and commerce in our metropolitan areas. Accordingly,
the Administration hereby reaffirms the commitment set forth
in Executive Order No. 12072 to strengthen our Nation's cities
by encouraging the location of Federal facilities in our central
cities. The Administration also reaffirms the commitments set
forth in the National Historic Preservation Act to provide leadership
in the preservation of historic resources, and in the Public
Buildings Cooperative Use Act of 1976 to acquire and utilize
space in suitable buildings of historic, architectural, or cultural
To this end, the Federal Government shall utilize and maintain,
wherever operationally appropriate and economically prudent,
historic properties and districts, especially those located
in our central business areas. When implementing these policies,
the Federal Government shall institute practices and procedures
that are sensible, understandable, and compatible with current
authority and that impose the least burden on, and provide the
maximum benefit to, society.
Sec. 2. Encouraging the Location of Federal Facilities on Historic
Properties in Our Central Cities.
When operationally appropriate and economically prudent, and
subject to the requirements of section 601 of title VI of the
Rural Development Act of 1972, as amended (42 U.S.C. 3122),
and Executive Order No. 12072, when locating Federal facilities,
Federal agencies shall give first consideration to historic
properties within historic districts. If no such property is
suitable, then Federal agencies shall consider other developed
or undeveloped sites within historic districts. Federal agencies
shall then consider historic properties outside of historic
districts, if no suitable site within a district exists. Any
rehabilitation or construction that is undertaken pursuant to
this order must be architecturally compatible with the character
of the surrounding historic district or properties.
Sec. 3. Identifying and Removing Regulatory Barriers.
Federal agencies with responsibilities for leasing, acquiring,
locating, maintaining, or managing Federal facilities or with
responsibilities for the planning for, or managing of, historic
resources shall take steps to reform, streamline, and otherwise
minimize regulations, policies, and procedures that impede the
Federal Government's ability to establish or maintain a presence
in historic districts or to acquire historic properties to satisfy
Federal space needs, unless such regulations, policies, and
procedures are designed to protect human health and safety or
the environment. Federal agencies are encouraged to seek the
assistance of the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation
when taking these steps.
Sec. 4. Improving Preservation Partnerships.
In carrying out the authorities of the National Historic Preservation
Act, the Secretary of the Interior, the Advisory Council on
Historic Preservation, and each Federal agency shall seek appropriate
partnerships with States, local governments, Indian tribes,
and appropriate private organizations with the goal of enhancing
participation of these parties in the National Historic Preservation
Program. Such partnerships should embody the principles of administrative
flexibility, reduced paperwork, and increased service to the
Sec. 5. Judicial Review.
This order is not intended to create, nor does it create, any
right or benefit, substantive or procedural, enforceable at
law by a party against the United States, its agencies or instrumentalities,
its officers or employees, or any other person.
WILLIAM JEFFERSON CLINTON
THE WHITE HOUSE,
May 21, 1996.