America is a White House initiative in cooperation with
the Advisory Council on Historic Preservation, the U.S.
Department of the Interior, the U.S. Department of Commerce,
the U.S. Department of Agriculture, and the U.S. Department
of Housing and Urban Development.
Executive Order 13287
By the authority vested in me as President by the Constitution
and the laws of the United States of America, including the National
Historic Preservation Act Economic (16 U.S.C. 470 et seq.) (NHPA)
and the National Environmental Policy Act (42 Security U.S.C.
4321 et seq.), it is hereby ordered:
Section 1. Statement of Policy.
It is the policy of the Federal Government to provide leadership
in preserving America's heritage by actively advancing the protection,
enhancement, and contemporary use of the historic properties
owned by the Federal Government, and by promoting intergovernmental
cooperation and partnerships for the preservation and use of
historic properties. The Federal Government shall recognize
and manage the historic properties in its ownership as assets
that can support department and agency missions while contributing
to the vitality and economic well-being of the Nation's communities
and fostering a broader appreciation for the development of
the United States and its underlying values. Where consistent
with executive branch department and agency missions, governing
law, applicable preservation standards, and where appropriate,
executive branch departments and agencies ("agency"
or "agencies") shall advance this policy through the
protection and continued use of the historic properties owned
by the Federal Government, and by pursuing partnerships with
State and local governments, Indian tribes, and the private
sector to promote the preservation of the unique cultural heritage
of communities and of the Nation and to realize the economic
benefit that these properties can provide. Agencies shall maximize
efforts to integrate the policies, procedures, and practices
of the NHPA and this order into their program activities in
order to efficiently and effectively advance historic preservation
objectives in the pursuit of their missions.
Sec. 2. Building Preservation Partnerships.
When carrying out its mission activities, each agency, where
consistent with its mission and governing authorities, and where
appropriate, shall seek partnerships with State and local governments,
Indian tribes, and the private sector to promote local economic
development and vitality through the use of historic properties
in a manner that contributes to the long-term preservation and
productive use of those properties. Each agency shall examine
its policies, procedures, and capabilities to ensure that its
actions encourage, support, and foster public-private initiatives
and investment in the use, reuse, and rehabilitation of historic
properties, to the extent such support is not inconsistent with
other provisions of law, the Secretary of the Interior's Standards
for Archeology and Historic Preservation, and essential national
department and agency mission requirements.
Sec. 3. Improving Federal Agency Planning and Accountability.
(a) Accurate information on the state of Federally owned historic
properties is essential to achieving the goals of this order
and to promoting community economic development through local
partnerships. Each agency with real property management responsibilities
shall prepare an assessment of the current status of its inventory
of historic properties required by section 110(a)(2) of the
NHPA (16 U.S.C. 470h-2(a)(2)), the general condition and management
needs of such properties, and the steps underway or planned
to meet those management needs. The assessment shall also include
an evaluation of the suitability of the agency's types of historic
properties to contribute to community economic development initiatives,
including heritage tourism, taking into account agency mission
needs, public access considerations, and the long-term preservation
of the historic properties. No later than September 30, 2004,
each covered agency shall complete a report of the assessment
and make it available to the Chairman of the Advisory Council
on Historic Preservation (Council) and the Secretary of the
(b) No later than September 30, 2004, each agency with real
property management responsibilities shall review its regulations,
management policies, and operating procedures for compliance
with sections 110 and 111 of the NHPA (16 U.S.C. 470h-2 &
470h-3) and make the results of its review available to the
Council and the Secretary. If the agency determines that its
regulations, management policies, and operating procedures are
not in compliance with those authorities, the agency shall make
amendments or revisions to bring them into compliance.
(c) Each agency with real property management responsibilities
shall, by September 30, 2005, and every third year thereafter,
prepare a report on its progress in identifying, protecting,
and using historic properties in its ownership and make the
report available to the Council and the Secretary. The Council
shall incorporate this data into a report on the state of the
Federal Government's historic properties and their contribution
to local economic development and submit this report to the
President by February 15, 2006, and every third year thereafter.
(d) Agencies may use existing information gathering and reporting
systems to fulfill the assessment and reporting requirements
of subsections 3(a)-(c) of this order. To assist agencies, the
Council, in consultation with the Secretary, shall, by September
30, 2003, prepare advisory guidelines for agencies to use at
(e) No later than June 30, 2003, the head of each agency shall
designate a senior policy level official to have policy oversight
responsibility for the agency's historic preservation program
and notify the Council and the Secretary of the designation.
This senior official shall be an assistant secretary, deputy
assistant secretary, or the equivalent, as appropriate to the
agency organization. This official, or a subordinate employee
reporting directly to the official, shall serve as the agency's
Federal Preservation Officer in accordance with section 110(c)
of the NHPA. The senior official shall ensure that the Federal
Preservation Officer is qualified consistent with guidelines
established by the Secretary for that position and has access
to adequate expertise and support to carry out the duties of
Sec. 4. Improving Federal Stewardship of Historic Properties.
(a) Each agency shall ensure that the management of historic
properties in its ownership is conducted in a manner that promotes
the long-term preservation and use of those properties as Federal
assets and, where consistent with agency missions, governing
law, and the nature of the properties, contributes to the local
community and its economy.
(b) Where consistent with agency missions and the Secretary
of the Interior's Standards for Archeology and Historic Preservation,
and where appropriate, agencies shall cooperate with communities
to increase opportunities for public benefit from, and access
to, Federally owned historic properties.
(c) The Council is directed to use its existing authority to
encourage and accept donations of money, equipment, and other
resources from public and private parties to assist other agencies
in the preservation of historic properties in Federal ownership
to fulfill the goals of the NHPA and this order.
(d) The National Park Service, working with the Council and
in consultation with other agencies, shall make available existing
materials and information for education, training, and awareness
of historic property stewardship to ensure that all Federal
personnel have access to information and can develop the skills
necessary to continue the productive use of Federally owned
historic properties while meeting their stewardship responsibilities.
(e) The Council, in consultation with the National Park Service
and other agencies, shall encourage and recognize exceptional
achievement by such agencies in meeting the goals of the NHPA
and this order. By March 31, 2004, the Council shall submit
to the President and the heads of agencies recommendations to
further stimulate initiative, creativity, and efficiency in
the Federal stewardship of historic properties.
Sec. 5. Promoting Preservation Through Heritage Tourism.
(a) To the extent permitted by law and within existing resources,
the Secretary of Commerce, working with the Council and other
agencies, shall assist States, Indian tribes, and local communities
in promoting the use of historic properties for heritage tourism
and related economic development in a manner that contributes
to the long-term preservation and productive use of those properties.
Such assistance shall include efforts to strengthen and improve
heritage tourism activities throughout the country as they relate
to Federally owned historic properties and significant natural
assets on Federal lands.
(b) Where consistent with agency missions and governing law,
and where appropriate, agencies shall use historic properties
in their ownership in conjunction with State, tribal, and local
tourism programs to foster viable economic partnerships, including,
but not limited to, cooperation and coordination with tourism
officials and others with interests in the properties.
Sec. 6. National and Homeland Security Considerations.
Nothing in this order shall be construed to require any agency
to take any action or disclose any information that would conflict
with or compromise national and homeland security goals, policies,
programs, or activities.
Sec. 7. Definitions.
For the purposes of this order, the term "historic property"
means any prehistoric or historic district, site, building,
structure, and object included on or eligible for inclusion
on the National Register of Historic Places in accordance with
section 301(5) of the NHPA (16 U.S.C. 470w(5)). The term "heritage
tourism" means the business and practice of attracting
and accommodating visitors to a place or area based especially
on the unique or special aspects of that locale's history, landscape
(including trail systems), and culture. The terms "Federally
owned" and "in Federal ownership," and similar
terms, as used in this order, do not include properties acquired
by agencies as a result of fore-closure or similar actions and
that are held for a period of less than 5 years.
Sec. 8. Judicial Review.
This order is intended only to improve the internal management
of the Federal Government and it is not intended to, and does
not, create any right or benefit, substantive or procedural,
enforceable at law or equity by a party against the United States,
its departments, agencies, instrumentalities or entities, its
officers or employees, or any other person.
GEORGE W. BUSH
THE WHITE HOUSE,
March 3, 2003