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In pursuance of intergenerational equity, “each generation has an obligation to future generations to pass on the natural and cultural resources of the planet in no worse condition than received and to provide reasonable access to the legacy for future generations”.

The World Commission on Environment and Development, Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development: Our Common Future (Oxford, 1987) [Brundtland Commission]


Standards for Community Museums in Ontario, Ontario Ministry of Culture , August 2000.

The ten standards in the following pages represent the minimum requirements for the operation of a good community museum. Regardless of a museum's size or scope, whether it is in a new building or a heritage structure, or whether it is a seasonal or year-round operation, there are certain functions, responsibilities, and activities common to all. These are the areas highlighted by the standards, all of which are of equal importance.

All of the original [1981] standards have been incorporated into the new document. Some remain as individual standards (Research, Exhibition, Interpretation and Education, and Conservation) while others have been incorporated into new, broader categories (Staff Training is found under Human Resources, and Collection Records Management under Collections). New sections are Governance, Finance, Physical Plant and Community.


American Bar Association. Committee on Nonprofit Corporations of the Business Law Section. TheGuidebook for Directors of Nonprofit Corporations. ed. George W. Overton. Chicago: Sectionon Business Law, American Bar Association, c1993.

Core Values and Objectives,


American Association of Museums. Code of Ethics for Museums. Washington D.C.: American Association of Museums, 1994.

American Association of Museums. Excellence and Equity: Education and the Public Dimensions of Museums. Washington D.C.: American Association of Museums, 1992. ISBN 0-931201-14-4

Bell, Peter D. Fulfilling the Public Trust: Ten Ways to Help Nonprofit Boards Maintain Accountability.Washington: National Center for Nonprofit Boards, 1993.

Carver, John. Boards That Make a Difference: A New Design for Leadership in Nonprofit and PublicOrganizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, Inc., Publishers, 1990.

Chait, Richard. How to Help Your Board Govern More and Manage Less. Washington: NationalCenter for Nonprofit Boards, 1993.

Ingram, Richard T. Ten Basic Responsibilities of Nonprofit Boards. Washington: National Center forNonprofit Boards, c1988.

Lascell, David M. and Cary M. Jensen. Bridging the Gap Between Nonprofit and For-Profit BoardMembers. Washington: National Center for Nonprofit Boards, c1992.

Leifer, Jacqueline Corey and Michael B. Glomb. The Legal Obligations of Nonprofit Boards: A Guidebook for Board Members. Washington: National Center for Nonprofit Boards, c1992.

Malaro, Marie C. Essays on Museum Governance: From Theory to Practice. Washington: SmithsonianInstitution Press, 1994.

Naumer, Helmuth J. Of Mutual Respect and Other Things: Thoughts on Museum Trusteeship. Washington D.C.: American Association of Museums, 1977.

A provocative, timely essay probing issues of museum trusteeship that will stimulate thoughtful discussion and analysis of trustee responsibilities.

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