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Step Two: The visual character at close range


8. Materials at Close Range

  1. Are there one or more materials that have an inherent texture that contributes to the close range character, such as stucco, exposed aggregate concrete, or brick textured with vertical grooves?
  2. Or materials with inherent colors such as smooth orange colored brick with dark spots of iron pyrites, or prominently veined stone, or green serpentine stone?
  3. Are there combinations of materials, used in juxtaposition, such as several different kinds of stone, combinations of stone and brick, dressed stones for window lintels used in conjunction with rough stones for the wall?
  4. Has the choice of materials or the combinations of materials contributed to the character?

9. Craft Details

  1. Is there high quality brickwork with narrow mortar joints?
  2. Is there hand tooled or patterned stonework?
  3. Do the walls exhibit carefully struck vertical mortar joints and recessed horizontal joints?
  4. Is the wall shingle work laid up in patterns or does it retain evidence of the circular saw marks or can the grain of the wood be seen through the semitransparent stain?
  5. Are there hand split or hand dressed clapboards, or machine smooth beveled siding, or wood rusticated to look like stone, or Art Deco zigzag designs executed in stucco?
  6. Almost any evidence of craft details, whether handmade or machine made, will contribute to the character of a building because it is a manifestation of the materials, of the times in which the work was done, and of the tools and processes that were used. It further reflects the effects of time, of maintenance (and/or neglect) that the building has received over the years.
  7. All of these aspects are a part of the surface qualities that are seen only at close range.