Hints for Mixing Shades for Outside Painting
Downing, Andrew Jackson The Architecture of Country Houses,
Including Designs for Cottages, and Farm-Houses, and Villas,
with Remarks on Interiors, Furniture, and the best Modes of
Warming and Ventilating, New York: D. Appleton & Co.,
1850, page 203, fn.
||Book Swatches, Studio Samples
Left: Hand-watercolored paint swatches —
one of the first American published examples — in
Downing, Alexander. Cottage Residences, 1842. The
paper has yellowed, paint samples faded.
Samples of paint made using Downing's 1850 The Architecture
of Country Houses that provides "Hints for mixing
shades for outside painting." Here, colors conform
to Downing's recipes.
The following hints
for mixing shades for outside painting, may be of service to
persons in the country who have to depend on their own wits.
The colors are supposed to be first finely ground in oil, and
then mixed in small quantities with white-lead and boiled linseed
oil. A few trials will enable the novice to mix agreeable neutral
shades - especially if he will be content to add a very little
of the darker shades at at time, and try the effect with the
brush. After the proper shade is obtained, enough should be
mixed at once to go over the whole surface.
White, yellow ochre, and Spanish brown.
Venetian red, burnt umber, with a little black.
White, lampblack, and a little Venetian red.
Spanish brown, chrome yellow, with a little white and
White, ivory black, with a little Indian red and Chinese blue.
White, lampblack, and a little Indian red.
White, raw umber, Prussian blue, and Venetian red.
White, yellow ochre, and orange chrome.
Spanish brown and black - or, for a lighter shade, Venetian
red and black.