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Myers, John H. Preservation Briefs: 9 The Repair of Historic Wooden Windows, Washington, DC: National Park Service, 1981.

Provides useful information on evaluating and repairing historic wooden windows found in typical rehabilitation projects. Emphasizes practical methods for homeowners or developers.

Preservation Brief 11: Rehabilitating Historic Storefronts. H. Ward Jandl.

Explores the role of the storefront in historic buildings and provides guidance on rehabilitation techniques for historic storefronts as well as compatible storefront designs. 1982.

Preservation Brief 13: The Repair and Thermal Upgrading of Historic Steel Windows.
Sharon C. Park, AIA.

Presents brief historical background on the development, use, and styles of rolled steel windows popular in the first half of the 20th century. Explains steps for cleaning and repairing damaged steel windows; also provides information on appropriate methods of weatherstripping and options for storm panels or the installation of thermal glass. 1984.

Preservation Brief 16: The Use of Substitute Materials on Historic Building Exteriors. Sharon C. Park, AIA.

Includes a discussion of when to use substitute materials, cautions regarding their expected performance,and descriptions of several substitute materials together with advantages and disadvantages. 1988.

Preservation Brief 31: Mothballing Historic Buildings. Sharon C. Park, AIA.

Describes process of protecting a deteriorating historic building from weather as well as vandalism when funds are not currently available to begin a preservation, rehabilitation, or restoration project. 1993.

Preservation Brief 33: The Preservation and Repair of Stained and Leaded Glass. Neal A. Vogel and Rolf Achilles.

Gives a short history of stained and leaded glass in America. surveys basic preservation and documentation issues and addresses common causes of deterioration and presents protection, repair, and restoration options. 1993.

Leeke, John. Save Your Wood Windows, Practical Restoration Reports, John Leeke's Historic HomeWorks, 2004.

Covers traditional methods and the latest in modern high-tech materials and techniques. Learn how to avoid falling under the spell of the window replacement salesman. Fifteen specific step-by-step treatments to repair weathered sills and deteriorating sash

McBride, Scott. Windows and Doors: Expert Advice from Start to Finish (Build Like a Pro series). Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press, Inc., 2002. [View on Amazon]

On new construction. A step-by-step instructions take the homeowner through each process, including prepping and adjusting basic and specialized types of doors and windows.

Meaney, Terence. Working Windows: A Guide to the Repair and Restoration of Wood Windows, [View on Amazon]

In Meany's book, individual sections are devoted to the operation, care, and repair of double-hung wood windows, casement and awning windows, fixed windows, and other more unusual windows like pivoting and leaded glass windows, along with chapters on weather stripping, repainting, refinishing, and working with different kinds of window moldings. This new edition has excellent detail, helpful diagrams, simple and clear instructions, and a good bit of Meany's wry humor to make it a lively read. It is an absolutely indispensable part of any wood-window-owning do-it-yourselfer's home library.

New York Landmarks Conservancy, Repairing Old and Historic Windows : A Manual for Architects and Homeowners, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1992 [View on Amazon]

Repairing Old and Historic Windows provides information on how to go about restoring windows within current preservation standards. This book is written for homeowners, architects, builders, engineers, and preservationists. Chapters focus on window problems, including deterioration, weather damage, paint problems, and condensation; window maintenance, including cleaning, weatherstripping, and installing shutters; and window replacement, including design, fabrication, and installation.

Window Directory for Historic Buildings, U.S. Dept. of the Interior, National Park Service, National Center for Cultural Resources Stewardship & Partnerships, Heritage Preservation Services Program, Technical Preservation Services, 1996.

Fisher, Charles E., III, Deborah Slaton, and Rebecca Shiffer, Editors. Window Guide for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings. Historic Preservation Education Foundation/National Park Service, 1997.

Most comprehensive guide available on the preservation and rehabilitation of windows in historic buildings. Containing over 600 pages of valuable information on, it covers appropriate window treatments and provides technical guidance for architects, building managers, contractors, and property owners. Topics include code compliance, energy conservation, maintenance, custom fabrication, repair techniques, and historic technology. With glossary, bibliography, and special 40-page directory of companies involved in all special types of window work.

Fisher, Charles E., Editor. The Window Handbook: Successful Strategies for Rehabilitating Windows in Historic Buildings. National Park Service, the Center for Public Buildings, Georgia Institute of Technology, and the Historic Preservation Education Foundation.

Technical guidance, featuring 17 Preservation Tech Notes in a loose-leaf notebook. All Tech Note topics listed below. See also Tech Note sales under Co-Published Books this section. Write: The Window Handbook, HPEF, P.O. Box 77160, Washington, D.C. 20013.

Tech Notes in the Window Handbook

Planning and Evaluation

  • Windows No. 1: "Planning Approaches to Window Preservation," by Charles Fisher. (1984)
  • Windows No. 10: "Temporary Window Vents in Unoccupied Historic Buildings," by Charles Fisher and Thomas Vitanza. (1985)
  • Repair and Weatherization
  • Windows No. 14: "Reinforcing Deteriorated Wooden Windows," by Paul Stumes, P. Eng. (1986)
  • Windows No. 16: "Repairing and Upgrading Multi-Light Wooden Mill Windows," by Christopher Closs. (1986)
  • Windows No. 17: "Repair and Retrofitting Industrial Steel Windows" by Robert Powers. (1989)

Double Glazing Historic Windows

  • Windows No. 2: "Installing Insulating Glass in Existing Steel Windows," by Charles Fisher. (1984)
  • Windows No. 3: "Exterior Storm Windows: Casement Design Wooden Storm Sash," by Wayne Trissler and Charles Fisher. (1984)
  • Windows No. 5: "Interior Metal Storm Windows," by Laura Muckenfuss and Charles Fisher. (1984)
  • Windows No. 8: "Thermal Retrofit of Historic Wooden Sash Using Interior Piggyback Storm Panels," by Sharon Park, AIA. (1984)
  • Windows No. 9: "Interior Storm Windows: Magnetic Seal, by Charles Fisher. (1984)
  • Windows No. 11: "Installing Insulating Glass in Existing Wooden Sash Incorporating the Historic Glass," by Charles Fisher. (1985)
  • Windows No. 15: "Interior Storms for Steel Casement Windows," by Charles Fisher and Christina Henry. (1986)

Replacement Frames and Sash

  • Windows No. 4: "Replacement Wooden Frames and Sash," by William Feist. (1984)
  • Windows No. 6: "Replacement Wooden Sash and Frames With Insulating Glass and Integral Muntins," by Charles Parrott. (1984)
  • Windows No. 12: "Aluminum Replacements for steel Industrial Sash," by Charles Fisher. (1986)
  • Windows No. 13: "Aluminum Replacement Windows with Sealed Insulating Glass and Trapezoidal Muntin Grids," by Charles Parrott. (1985)
  • Windows No. 18: "Aluminum Replacement Windows with True Divided-Lights, Interior Piggyback Storm Panels, and Exposed Historic Wooden Frames," by Charles Parrott. (1991)

Screens, Awnings, and Other Accessories

  • Windows No. 7: "Window Awnings," by Laura Muckenfuss and Charles Fisher. (1984)

Historic Publications

Turn-Of-The-Century Doors, Windows, and Decorative Millwork: The Mulliner Catalog of 1893 by Mulliner Box and Planning Company, 1893. New York: Dover Publications, 1995 [View on Amazon]


Hull, Brent. Historic Millwork: A Guide to Restoring and Re-creating Doors, Windows, and Moldings of the Late Nineteenth through Mid-Twentieth Centuries. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2003 [View on Amazon]

Forest Products Laboratory. 1999. Wood Handbook: Wood as an engineering material. Gen. Tech. Rep. FPL-GTR-113. Madison, WI: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Forest Products Laboratory. 463 p.

Sash, Weights, Cords and Chains

Unsticking a Wood Double-Hung Window Sash (08610-03),Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes guidance and procedures required to inspect and loosen a wood sash. It does not address precautions adn procedures to adddress lead paint.

Repairing Double-Hung Window Sash Weights and Cords/Chains (08760-01),Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes guidance on inspecting and correcting a faulty counter-balancing system. This problem may be caused by a missing sash cord/chain, an unattached or missing sash weight, or a pulley in poor condition.

Energy Conservation

James, B, S. Flanders, and D. Hemenway. Testing the Energy Performance of Wood Windows in Cold Climates — A Report to The State of Vermont Division for Historic Preservation, Agency of Commerce and Community Development . Natchitoches, Louisiana: NCPTT. August 30, 1996. [Available from NCPTT, PTTPublications No. 1996-08]

Preservation Brief 3: Conserving Energy in Historic Buildings. Baird M. Smith, AIA.

Provides information on materials and techniques to consider or avoid when undertaking weatherization and energy conservation measures in historic buildings. 1978.


Sealing Leaky Wood Double-Hung Windows (08611-01), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes guidance on sealing leaky windows and includes caulking gaps between the wall and the frame, filling cracks in the wood, repainting and replacing loose window putty.

Installing Weatherstripping on Metal Double-Hung Windows, Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes guidance on installing various types of weatherstripping on metal double-hung windows.


Preservation Brief 12: The Preservation of Historic Pigmented Structural Glass (Vitrolite and Carrara Glass).

Provides information on the early manufacture, installation, and use of this decorative building product commonly found in 20th century buildings; reasons for its damage; and a general approach for its maintenance, repair, and replacement. 8 pages. 16 illustrations. 1984.

Temporary Patching Of Chips And Cracks In Window Glazing (08800-02),Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This procedure includes guidance on temporarily repairing chipped or cracked glass by patching with an adhesive. This treatment is simple and inexpensive. Although it will not remove the crack, it permits the safe use of cracked window panes until suitable replacements can be found or where it is desirable to permanently save the glass in situ.

Replacing Broken Glass In Wood and Metal Windows (08800-01), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This procedure includes guidance on replacing cracked, broken or missing panes of glass, replacing cracked or
missing window putty and cleaning glazing.

Secondary Glazing

Krueger, Barbara and Neal A. Vogel. Protective Glazing Study for National Preservation Center, Dr. Mark Gilberg, Research Coordinator by Inspired Partnerships, Inc. , Chicago, Illinois, March 1996. [PTTPublications No. 1996-06, available as PDF file from NCPTT]

Energy-Efficient Interior Storm Windows, Toolbase Services, NAHB Research Center

Storm Windows Save Energy," C. Turrell, Home Energy, (17:4) pp. 20-23, July/August 2000.

"Windows: Looking Through the Options," A. Wilson, Environmental Building News, (5:2) pp. 1, 10-17, March/April 1996.


Repairing Brass Window And Door Finish Hardware (08710-04), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This procedure includes guidance on repairing brass window and door hardware where these are deteriorated (rusted and corroded) and where there are missing elements.


Repairing And Replacing A Damaged Window Screen (08660-01), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes guidance on patching a hole in a window screen, and removing and replacing the screen, if necessary.


Cleaning and Painting Steel Windows (GSA 08500-02), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes guidance on the cleaning and painting of exterior steel windows. It also includes information on removing all deteriorated caulking and recaulking all joints between metal elements and masonry.

Fabrication and Replacement

General Guidelines for the Fabrication and Installation of Wood Windows (08610-02), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This specification includes general information relating to the fabrication and installation of wood windows.

Build Envelope, Thermal and Moisture Protection

Canadian Building Digests

Copper in Architecture Design Handbook, Copper Development Association

The Copper in Architecture Design Handbook is the most comprehensive compilation of historical and contemporary use of architectural copper ever assembled in one publication. Subscribers to the Handbook will be registered with CDA and will receive up-dates and additional materials as they are completed as well as information on educational seminars, trade shows, and personal presentations by CDA staff.

As a subscriber to the Copper in Architecture Program, you have direct access to CDA's Design Support Services. These services are being provided upon request and include evaluation, critique and support of architectural details, specifications and installation techniques of any architectural copper application.

Fundamentals of Moisture in Houses by Joseph Lstiburek and John Carmody, Home Energy Magazine Online November/December 1995.

Harley, Bruce. Insulate and Weatherize: Expert Advice from Start to Finish (Taunton's Build Like a Pro series). Newtown, CT: The Taunton Press, Inc., 2002 [View on Amazon]

Issues with some treatments... Home insulation and weatherization from the most basic solutions to advanced, energy-saving projects. With 35 drawings and 350 color photos guiding them, homeowners will learn how best to keep their homes warm in winter, cool in summer, and weather-tight all year long. Chapter 5 on window and energy basics, replacing windows, and improving existing windows.

Historic Building Façades : The Manual for Maintenance and Rehabilitation, New York: Preservation Press, Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1997 [View on Amazon]

Insulation, National Association of Certified Home Inspectors (NACHI)

Dozens of large illustrations related to insulation that diagram principles, dynamics, issues and solutions related to insulation, air/vapor barrier (vapor retarders), venting roofs, venting living spaces, attics, flat adn cathedral ceilings, walls above grade, basements and crawlspaces, floors over unheated areas, and ventilation systems.

Park Sharon C., AIA. Holding the Line: Controlling Unwanted Moisture in Historic Buildings. Preservation Briefs 39, Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, 1996. [On NPS site.]

Outlines a way to diagnose moisture problems and choose remedial treatments within a historic preservation context. Considers the five major sources of moisture, including the exterior building envelope, ground moisture infiltration, interior condensation, leaking pipes, and moisture from cleaning or construction. Provides guidance on managing moisture deterioration, repairing and maintaining historic building materials, and correcting common problem areas. Includes charts on types of diagnostic tools, recommended treatments and treatments that should always be avoided.

Oxley, T.A. and E. G. Gobert. Dampness in Buildings: Diagnosis, Treatment, instruments. London: Butterworths, 1989.

Simpson, William T. 1998. Equilibrium Moisture Content of Wood in Outdoor Locations in the United States and Worldwide, USDA Forest Serv. Res. Note FPL-RN-0268. 11 p. [Download PDF file 565 kb, 14 pp.]

Treatment For Condensation On Historic Glass and Storm Sash (08800-01), Historic Preservation Technical Procedures, U.S. General Services Administration

This procedure includes guidance on cleaning and protecting glazing against condensation. This procedure should not be used on wood windows with a shellac finish. The alcohol mixture recommended for treating condensation will destroy the finish.

Tsongas, George. Case Studies of Moisture Problems in Residences, Manual on Moisture Control in Buildings, ASTM, 1992. [Download as PDF file.]

Hazardous Materials

Preservation Brief 37: Appropriate Methods of Reducing Lead-Paint Hazards in Historic Housing. Sharon C. Park, AIA, and Douglas C. Hicks.

Recommends an appropriate methodology for planning and implementing measures to reduce lead-paint hazards in historic houses while preserving their character-defining features. Follows a well-balanced approach that is sensitive to the health and safety of children who live in historic houses as well as those involved in rehabilitation and restoration projects. Includes useful decisionmaking charts. 16 pages. 32 illustrations. 1995.

Park, Sharon C., AIA, and Douglas C. Hicks, Appropriate Methods for Reducing Lead-Paint Hazards in Historic Housing, Preservation Briefs 37, 1995

Guidance for Lead-Based Paint Abatement [PDF file]

Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), Department of Job Safety and Health: (202) 219-8151

National Lead Information Center Clearinghouse: (800) 424-5323

Livingston, Dennis et al. Lead Paint and Historic Buildings, Training Manual. Springfield, Illinois. Illinois Historic Preservation Agency. 2000.

This training manual is designed to serve both as a curricula for classroom training about lead-based paint and historic buildings or as a stand-alone training manual without classroom instruction. This training focuses on cost-effective and common-sense solutions appropriate for historic buildings. The manual dispels confusion about regulations and explains techniques on how to rehab and maintain historic buildings lead-safely. Historic building owners, architects, contractors and managers can all benefit. BRC publications number SP-18.

Teacher's Guide to Lead Paint and Historic Buildings, Building Research Council, School of Architecture, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, BRC publications number SP-19

The Teacher's Guide is designed for those interested in teaching a training course based on the Lead Paint and Historic Buildings Training Manual. This training differs from traditional lead-based paint training because the cost-effective and common-sense solutions are appropriate to historic buildings. Published by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency and partially funded by a grant from the National Park Service's National Center for Preservation Training and Technology. Co-authored by Dennis Livingston of Community Resources, Jeff Gordon of the Building Research Council, and Carol Dyson and Mike Jackson of the IHPA. Published by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency 197 pages, 2000.


Benefits: Increased Light & View, Efficient Windows Collaborative, College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Twin Cities Campus, University of Minnesota

3.0 Windows, Design Guidelines for Residential Historic Districts in Salt Lake City, Salt Lake City Historic Landmark Commission, Salt Lake City Corporation, 1999.

"Glass and Glazing, A Guide to Historic Glass," Building and Maintenance Guide, Planning Department of the London Borough of Islington.

Wrightson, David. The Conservation and Renewal of Timber Windows, Public Information Leaflet, Cathedral Communications, Wiltshire, England [PDF file]

Efficient Windows Collaborative, College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Twin Cities Campus, University of Minnesota

Benefits: Less Condensation, Efficient Windows Collaborative, College of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Twin Cities Campus, University of Minnesota. Source: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. These values are based on center-of-glass temperatures. Condensation may occur at lower humidity levels on the glass edge.

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