Reconstruction means returning a place to a known earlier
state and is distinguished from restoration by the introduction
of new material into the fabric.
ICOMOS Burra Charter, 1999, Australia
"While physical remnants may be best protected by simply
guarding them against natural and human interference (i.e.,
the natural ravages of time), this does little to explain or
to present those remnants within a cultural or historical context.
In other words, how can the sometimes competing demands of conservation
and presentation be weighted given limited resources? Amongst
myriad methods of interpretation, reconstruction has been, and
remains, one of the most popular, especially in the view of
the general public for whose benefit heritage professionals
are charged with the protection and presentation of cultural
"Rather than dismissal as flawed creations akin to Dr.
Frankenstein's monster, then, reconstructions deserve recognition
as valid expressions of their own time and as historic documents
in their own right. Given their demonstrated intrinsic value,
reconstructions become candidates for preservation in much the
same way that other 'historic' structures do, and we must be
aware of our custodial responsibility to them."
Ricketts, Shannon. "Raising the Dead: Reconstruction
Within The Canadian Parks Service," CRM, Volume
15, No. 5, p.13. [Download PDF format file.]
"Reconstruction: All actions taken to re-create, in whole
or in part, a cultural property, based upon historical, literary,
graphic, pictorial, archaeological and scientific evidence.
Reconstruction is aimed at promoting an understanding of a cultural
property, and is based on little or no original material but
clear evidence of a former state."
D. Glossary, Code
of Ethics, Canadian
Association for Conservation of Cultural Property
and of the Canadian Association of Professional Conservators.